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Crisis of the Third Century

235-284 AD: the western half of the empire was empire was powerless and germanic tribes fought over the western provinces. econimc, military, and political problems

Diocletian Reforms

-doubled size of Roman army
-set fixed prices on goods
-"restored prestige of the emp."
-divided empire into Greek-speaking East and Latin-speaking West

Arianism/Heresy & Orthodoxy/Councils, "vox populi, vox dei"

325 AD


Roman emperor (r. 312-337). After reuniting the Roman Empire, he moved the capital to Constantinople and made Christianity a tolerated/favored religion., (274 CE - 337 CE) Roman Emperor between 306 CE and 337 CE. He issued the Edict of Milan which outlawed the persecution of Christians. He also founded the city of Constantinople, the future capital of the Byzantine Empire.


Germanic peoples who originally came from Scandinavia and Russia and migrated to the northern borders of the Roman Empire. They settled, adopted culture, and drew inspiration from Roman society. When the Huns attacked outlying regions of the Roman Empire, the Visigoths streamed into the Roman Empire for refuge, settling in less dense regions like Italy, Gaul, Spain, Britain, and North Africa. Eventually, they stormed and sacked Rome in 410 CE.


one of a group of Germanic tribes who invaded and destroyed territory in the Roman Empire. Entered the empire to escape from the Huns.

St. Jerome

(Roman Catholic Church) one of the great fathers of the early Christian Church whose major work was his translation of the Scriptures from Hebrew and Greek into Latin (which became the Vulgate)

St. Augustine

Sent to England by Pope Gregory to convert the pagan Anglo-Saxons to Christianity. Connected education and religion. Wrote the City of God: tells Christians how to be.

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