Lifestyle and Career Development Test 1

a major tenet of Super's theory is that the career pattern one follows through life:
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what did John Holland (1992) stress as being important in the search for vocational satisfaction and stability?the importance of self-knowledgethe career development theory that includes genetic endowments, special abilities, environment conditions, and events is by the following author:Krumboltzfrom a social cognitive perspective, which three key theoretical constructs are considered to be building blocks determining the course of career development and its outcome?self-efficacy, outcome expectations and personal goalsPEC theory emphasizes that:job satisfaction is related to work reinforcerswhich of the following key points is NOT congruent with Dawis and Lofquist's theory?work personality and work environment do not always need to be amenableHolland's model of personality types incorporates five key concepts. which of the following is the correct answer?consistency, differentiation, identity, congruence and calculusthe person-environment-correspondence (PEC) theory was initially referred to as:the theory of work adjustment (TWA)the term "social space" refers to:the zone of acceptable alternatives in each person's map of occupations, or each person's view of where he or she fits of would want to fit into societycontextual interaction during the life span is referred to as what type of perspective?person-in-environment perspectivewhat is the centerpiece of Super's approach to vocational behavior?self-concept theoryone major hurdle for the individual in the choice model concerns:contextual or environmental influencesprestige of sex type are variables in the theory of:Gottfredsonthrough whose efforts were the components of the trait-and-factor theory developed into step-by-step procedures designed to help clients make wise career decisions?Parsons and Williamsonthe assumption that individuals have unique patterns of ability that can be measured and matched with jobs is a key concept of:trait-and-factor theorythe cognitive process period of formulating a general vocational goal through awareness of resources, contingencies, interests, values and planning for the preferred occupation is called:crystallizationin the early 1990's, Super created a model to delineate the changing diversity of life roles experienced by individuals during the life span. what is the title of this model?archway modelthe position that clients create their own way of organizing information and that reality is a matter of perception in the premise of which theory?contextual explanationwhich theory do Young, Valach and Collin (1996, 2002) propose as one way to understand a contexualist explanation of career counseling?Action theoryactualization is a period that is highlighted by one's focus on:career identificationwhat is the name of the theory suggesting change events during one's life span can have both positive and negative consequences?happenstance approach theoryWhich theorists have declined a comprehensive learning theory of career counseling (LTTC?)?Krumboltz, Mitchell, Gelatt, Hamel, and Nicholsthe formulation of goals, a collaborative effort between counselor and client, is consolidated in writing on an ILP. an ILP is an abbreviation of:Individual Learning Planhow is indecision viewed according to the learning theory of career counseling?an existing condition of a client who is open to learning and explorationin the mid 1990s, who presented a multicultural career counseling model for ethnic women, helping to provide a means of comparing techniques designed to identify specific needs of a special group of clients and the methods and materials in the counseling process?Bingham and Wardwhat is the most popular theory in practical application?trait and factor modelwhat key components are given in the first step toward establishing rapport and culturally appropriate relationships in the multicultural model of career counseling?trust and collaborationa consensus of procedures in the career counseling models includes:information gathering, assessment, diagnosis, intervention strategies and decision makingin the fourth stage of the LTCC model, collecting information, the main objectives are:to introduce clients to career information resources, their purpose and usean indecisive client may be characterized by:having a high level of anxiety accompanied by dysfunctional thinkingwhich two methods and constructs have converge in the last decade?trait and factor and person environment (PEF)the approach to career problem solving and decision making considered an extension of a career development theory is called:cognitive information (CIP) modelin the career development assessment and counseling (CDAC) stage of developmental model, what is assessed in the first of the four steps?the client's social development and role saliencewhat are the five stages of the development model for career counseling?intake interview, career development assessment and counseling (CDAC), data integration and narrative interpretation, establish counseling goals, and counseling procedures and processthe career counseling model extrapolated from Dawis (1996), Swanson (1996), and Rounds and Tracey (1990) and delineated by Walsh (1990) is presented in seven stages, including:all of the abovein order to understand how clients arrive at decisions, counselors view ___ as driving forces underlying an individual's motivation toward certain activities and as a function of a fundamental sense of selfcore goalsinformation processing for career decision making is conceptualized within the CIP model as a hierarchical system in what order?from a base of Knowledge Domains (self-knowledge and occupational knowledge) to a Decision Skills Domain and finally to an Executive Processing Domainthe trait and factor approach of career counseling incorporates:an actuarial method of predicting success in an occupation from the client's measured trait characteristicsSuper (1990) suggested that counselors may need to use a variety of helping procedures in the career counseling process and may function asmentors, coaches and teachersin the developmental model what should clients focus on?the development of all life roles for a balanced lifestyle, with an emphasis on an individual's unique needsin the Decision Skills Domain, the five stages referred to as the CASVE cycle, inclue:communication, analysis, synthesis, valuing and executionrecommendations for the multicultural counseling process include all of the following EXCEPT:the counselor does not need to fully understand his or her racial identityrecommendations for the effective acquisition of occupational information have been compiled by:SpokaneThe __ of the counselor to do what is ethically appropriate in a counseling relationship is an essential part of the moral obligation of most professional counseling associationsintentunder what conditions can a counselor reveal confidential information about a client without their permission?when there is clear and imminent danger to the client or to othersethical standards for counseling have been developed byProfessional associationswhich item is NOT listed by NCDA as a selected ethical standard for counselors?it is not necessary to follow directions in the test manual at all timesethical standards and codes of ethics address which of the following?all of the abovewho suggested (2002) that in career counseling programs that use peer counselors, clients are to be informed of issues of confidentiality?Welfelwhat is the meaning of "free consent"?when a client agrees to engage in counseling without coercionwho has developed ethical codes that foster the use of assessment results?NCDAaccording to the NCDA, if a counselor accepts a position in a mental health agency to provide career-related counseling to a client population that is primarily from Asian families and has no previous experience in counseling or assessing Asian clients, that counselor is in violation of what?competence violationprinciples that matter within the boundaries of ethical competence include:both A and Bwhat is the meaning of "informed consent"?disclosure by the counselor of important information the client needs in making the decision as to whether she or he is to start counselingethical competence is assured:when one presents evidence of their qualificationsthe overall guiding principle of ethical standards is:the welfare of the clientwhich of the following in the list of information recommended by Welfel should be communicated when applicable?all of the abovethe NCDA Ethical Standards (2003) begins by stating:the ethical importance of informing the client of the purpose and explicit use of test resultswhat factor pertaining to violations of informed consent is causing concern among professionals?counselors may not be able to verify ages and the mental capacity of individuals who access a counselor's home page and submit email questionschoose the statement that is not given as one of the NCDA (1997) guidelines for the use of the Internet for provision of career information and planning servicesthe website needs to look attractivewhich term most appropriately describes the process when clients are involved in using the Internet to identify occupations based on interests, skills and experiences or support for job seeking?career planninga counselor was offered a job at a community counseling center that primarily serves a minority population, but this counselor has no experience counseling minorities. can he ethically accept the position?he can accept if he is supervised for a period of time and develops appropriate skillsethical standards include a list of standards that:provide guidelines for ethical behaviorthe client has a psychological disorder that the counselor is not familiar with. what should be the ethical position?refer the client to a counselor who has training to deal with the client's problemcounselors are to use only test administration and interpretation services for which:there is sufficient evidence of their validity and reliability and evidence of appropriate application and interpretationif a counselor administers a specific individual intelligence test to an employee when he or she has not given an individual intelligence test for several years and did not take a graduate course in individual testing, that counselor has performed which of the following violations?competence violationunacceptable counselor behavior on the Internet was identified by NCDA (1997) as follows:all of the above