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Exploring The Spanish Borderlands
Terms in this set (21)
Francisco Vasquez de Coranado
1540: set out to find the fable seven cities of cibola
Explored the Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and California
Met tribes: Zuni, Hopi, Apache, and Navajo
Claimed land as far as North of Mexico
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
1528 to Florida to find gold.
Walked halfway across Mexico
Became shipwrecked and claimed the land from Florida to Texas
Took nine years for him to return back home
Ponce de Leon
Explored Florida looking for gold and the Fountain of Youth. Went to Florida in 1513 and Puerto Rico in 1509. Discovery of FL led to the discovery of ST. Augustine.
Hernando de Sota
in 1539 he went out in search of seven cities of gold in Florida Alabama Mississippi, Tennessee, and Puerto Rico.
He gave Spain a claim to all the land he explored and was the first European to see the Mississippi River
The lands along the edge of a territory or claimed piece of land
Present day states that make up the Spanish borderland
New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, California, Florida, and Georgia.
Why were missions built in the borderlands?
Government officials in Spain thought that missionaries would be able to develop kinder relationships with the people who lived in the borderlands.
Spains goals for exploration
Early 1500's, conquered Aztecs and Incas, Spain was the most powerful nation at this time in Europe, Began to explore the rest of North America, looking for GOLD, GOD, AND GLORY.
to adopt the manners and language of a country
a fort, usually built near a mission
religious communities that usually included a small town surrounding farmland, and a church. They were started by Catholic religious workers called missionaries.
The northern part of Spain that took in all the land north of South America. It included Caribbean Islands, Central America, Mexico, and all the lands bordering Mexico and The Gulf of Mexico
The southern part of Spain that was made up of it claims in south America.
A governing official
home built by adobe or a community of these homes.
born in Spain, hold highest jobs in government and church and highest positions in Spanish colonial society.
Below the peninsulares on the social ladder. These colonists had Spanish parents but were born in New Spain. They held important positions in the government, church army, and business.
Out numbered Creoles and Peninsulares. They were people of mixed Spanish and Native American decedents. Most worked on farms and ranches. In towns they worked as carpenters, bakers, tailors, and soldiers.
Three Kinds of Settlements
Pueblos, missions, and presidos.
Men and womens rights in Spain
Men held all the important positions. Woman had two choices: to marry and put themselves under the control of their husbands, or to join a convent and put themselves under the control of the church.
She was prohibited from writing poetry as a nun
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Ch 2.3 Spanish Borderlands
Ch. 1 - The First Americans
Life in Spain
Spanish Borderlands Unit 3
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