World 2022 - Final Exam (World War 2, Cold War, Decolonization, Globaliztion),

Who was Muhammad Ali Jinnah
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Franklin Roosevelt and the New deal. An example of Keynesian Economics or Deficit Spending. Led to Social Security, job creation programs like the Works Progress Administration, Unemployment insurance

Japan - Dug itself rapidly of he depression by Devaluing their currency which made Japanese products less expensive. Enacted mercantilist policies like tariffs that protected domestic industry and encouraged exports (Cars)
Increased expansion led to militarization and World War II.
What was the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)General Francisco Franco, rose against the left-wing Republican government in Madrid. Aided by Mussolini and Hitler, Franco undertook to overthrow the Loyalist regime, which was assisted by the Soviet Union. US could have sent money to the Spanish loyalists but maintained isolationist beliefs and tried to stay out of the war. Evidence of Militaries and militarized states often responded to the proliferation of conflicts in ways that further intensified conflict.What were the Nuremberg Laws (1935)laws depriving Jews of their German citizenship enacted at the Nazi national convention in Nuremberg in September 1935.What was Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)Nazi organized riot against the Jews on November 9, 1938Explain Scientific Racismthe use of scientific theories to support or validate racist attitudes or worldviews; also, to support classification of human beings into distinct biological racesProvide Examples of Militaries and militarized states often responded to the proliferation of conflicts in ways that further intensified conflict.Francisco Franco and the Spanish Civil War - Nationalists led by Franco went against loyalists (supported a republic) Received help from Hitler, Mussolini. Ruled as a military dictator until 1975Provide Examples of economic crisis that led to the rise of fascist and totalitarian regimes to positions of powerGreat Depression in the U.S and Europe sparked by Stock Market Crash in 1929 and declining Consumer spending and growing unemployment. Led to widespread banking failures that resulted in increased under consumption which resulted in increased unemployment, bankruptcy and housing foreclosure. By 1933 Unemployment hit 30% in the U.S. 1929-1940. Germany failed to pay debts and German gov't printed more money leading to inflation. U.S investors removed $ from Europe resulting in economic chaos in Europe and the rise of fascism and calls for communism.Provide Examples of communist governments controlling their national economies, often through repressive policies and with negative repercussions for their populations.Lenin's New Economic Plan (1921) - reaction to the Russian civil war. To remedy economic hardships. Lenin did retreat from communist command policies and allowed farmers to sell products privately and allowed for increased private trade. Joseph Stalin's Five Year Plan (1925) increased government control of the economy in order to increase industrialization and collectivism. Farmland was taken from private farmers and given to large government run farms called collectives. Peasants were forced to work on these farms and reach government set goals. It led to the elimination of private land ownership and the forced redistribution of land, livestock and tools. Resulted in famine in the Ukraine and widespread discontent. Mao Zedong and Great Leap ForwardWhat was the appeasement policyA policy advocated by the British and French toward the Germans following World War I. The hope was to maintain peace by allowing Hitler to annex the Sudentenland region of Czechoslovakia. Hitler ultimately broke the Munich Pact and invaded CzechoslovakiaExplain the Island Hopping Campaignseries of amphibious landings by Allied forces in the pacific during WW2 in which the allied forces - combined land, sea and air - fought back, recaptured islands from Japanese forces or blocked their connection with home bases.What was the significance of using the Atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasakinuclear attacks during World War II against the Empire of Japan by the United States of America at the order of U.S. President Harry S. Truman. Truman sought to limit allied casualties that would have occurred in a land invasion of Japan and to end the war in order to stop future Soviet Invasions of China, Japan and the rest of Asia.Provide Examples of German and Japanese Expansion before WWII?German takeover of Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland. Japanese takeover of Manchuria, China, and Vietnam.Provide Examples of atrocities, acts of genocide, or ethnic violenceRwanda genocide German Holocaust Armenian Genocide - Bosnian Genocide - Darfur GenocideExplain the factors that led to German and Japanese ExpansionGerman and Japanese quest for colonies or "Lebensraum" or living space. Germany sought lands for farming to feed a growing population and be less dependent on other nations. Japan sought natural resources such as oil and coal to fuel their growing industries. Germany sought to obtain land taken from them after WWI as per the Treaty of VersaillesProvide Examples of new international organizations formed to maintain world peace and to facilitate international cooperationLeague of Nations: United Nations