Pres. Truman removed MacArthur from command & placed Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway as Commander of UN Forces
Dwight Eisenhower was elected president
Stalin dies- power struggle begins
July 27, 1953
a cease fire was finally reached, but the war never ended.
Korean War losses after 3 years of conflict
2-2.5 civilians, Soldiers 215,000 and 137,000
United States losses
36,000 soldiers, with UN forces lost 3600
formation of Warsaw Pact
Loss of life in Korean after War
415,000 in the South and 500,000 in the North, 5 million became homeless
SEATO (South East Asia Treaty Organization)
Included US, Britain, France, New Zealand, Austria, Pakistan, Thailand and the Philippines
November 27, 1950
a force of 200,000 Chinese and 150,000 North Koreans sent the forces of the UN out to korea
June 27, 1950
The Security Council meeting which allowed the US to lead a UN force to help south Korea. The Russians were absent from this meeting in protest of the permanent seat on the SC given to the Chinese Nationalists
July 1, 1950
American troops land in Korea, followed by forces from other countries under the command of General Douglas MacArtur.
June 25, 1950
North Korean troops invaded South Korea. The Korean War had begun.
Chinese communists launch major offensive in Korea- US and UN driven south
Soviets test first A-bomb
North Korea invades South Korea
The Independent Republic of Korea (South Korea) was established its Capital Seoul and its president Syngman Rhee.
Russians established the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) with the capital in Pyonyang, under the leadership of Kim Il Sung
both Russian and American troops were withdrawing leaving a point of conflict
Dean Acheson, Secretary of State, stated specific areas the US intended to protect.
most of SK was under communist control with the exception of southeast corner around the port of Pusan
UN troops capture Pyongyang, controlled 2/3 of NK and reached Yalu River-Frontier between China and NK
September 15, 1950
US Corps launch amphibious assault on Inchon effectively coming in behind North Korean troops already in South Korea.