Abnormal Child Psychology
Terms in this set (28)
Environment and or circumstances that increase the chances a negative outcome will occur (non-supportive families, abuse, drugs
The ability to fight off or recover from misfortune
Must consider the degree of maladaptive behavior and also children's competence
Personal or situational variables that reduce the chances of a child developing a disorder (Good/heathy role models, community with good resources)
What is normal and abnormal?
Differentiating normal and abnormal behavior: Psychological distress, degree of impairment, cultural deviance - violating societal norms, behaviors rigidity - inflexible and maladaptive, harmful dysfunction
Define Abnormal Behavior According to DSM
Adopts a medical model of mental illness: disorders reside within an individual and rather than relational. Three defining criterial: Personal distress, disruption in daily functioning, risk for further harm and suffering.
Barriers to Health Care
Prevalence of child and adolescent mental health problems has increased over the past two decades; however, families' access to high-quality mental health services is inadequate. Financial hardships. Even if they can pay, they might not be able to find/have access to services. Simply not enough experts in the field. Stigma can interfere.
Failure to meet their developmental milestones
Children with different developmental histories showing similar developmental outcomes
Children with similar experiences to show different outcomes
o Bowlby and Mahler: Framework for understanding interpersonal relationships between human beings. An emotional bond that you have with a caregiver.
Uses caregiver as a secure base for exploration. Seeks caregiver proximity. Sad when caregiver leaves, happy when they return.
Sad when you leave and mad when you come back.
Little affective sharing in play. Little or distress on departure, little to no visible response on return.
Unable to use caregiver as a secure base. Angry when parent leaves, and remain angry when they return. Parent is not consistent.
Frightened behavior, negativity, communication errors. No rhyme or reasons for child's behavior.
More fearful, irritable, less positive affect, more irregular.
More placid, less active, more positive, more regular in their rhythms.
Slow to warm up babies
Like easy babies in many ways, but like difficult babies in their fearfulness; show more wariness.
Mixed or variable
In their traits, did not fit well into any of the more extreme groups.
Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Model
Social, cultural, and broader environmental influences on child development that do not directly affect children's functioning but can affect their social, emotional and behavioral competence.
Description that summarizes the child's behaviors, thoughts, and feelings that together make up the features of a given psychological disorder.
Involves analyzing information and drawing conclusions about the nature or cause of the problem, and in some cases, assigning a formal diagnosis.
Formulation of predictions regarding future behavior under specific conditions
Using assessment information to generate a treatment plan and evaluating its effectiveness.
Purpose of brief mental status exam
Brief assessment of the child's current functioning in three broad areas: overt behavior, emotion, and cognition.
Identify an example of Antecedent-Behavior- Consequence
I'm not good at anything, depressive symptoms, confirms low self-esteem.
Refers to how effectively individuals cope with common life demands and how well they meet the standards or personal independence expected of someone in their particular age group, socio-economic background.
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Abnormal Child Psychology