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Wheat Stem Rust
infection that begins with a spore lands on a wheat plant and fungal filaments invade the plant through it's stomata. --> led to Ug99
-single greatest threat to the world food supply @ this time
eukaryotic heterotroph with cell walls of chitin; obtains nutrients by digesting them outside the body and absorbing them.
-have walled cells and digest food outside of the body.
a cell or cluster of cells, often with a thick wall that allows it to survive hasrsh conditions.
1. oldest fungal lineage
2. only living fungus that make flagellated spores
3. parasitizes amphibiens.
1. Fungus with haphae that grow inside the wall of a plant root cell.
2. Plant shares sugars with it's fungal roomate- which provides it with nutrients taken up from the soil.
1. Most diverse fungal group; sexual reproduction produces ascospores inside a saclike structure (an ascus).
1. typically multi-celled
2. cross-walled alphae
3. sexual spores form inside club-shaped cells on a fruiting body, or basidiocarp, composed of interwoven dikaryotic hyphae.
4. only fungi capable of breaking down the lignin in wood.
a composite organism composed of a fungus and a single-celled photosynthetic partner.
2. Most often consists of sac fungus and cyanobacteria or green algae
The yeasts whose fermentation reactions produce carbon dioxide that makes bread rise are a type of...
In many _____, an extensive dikaryotic mycelium is the most consipirucuous phase of the life cycle.
_______ are mycorrhizal fungi with hyphae that grow into a root cell and branch inside it
1. Altered the species composition of eastern forests
2. was caused by an introduced fungal pathogen
3. was spread by wind-dispersed spores
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