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Christian art developed toward the end of the second century despite the Old Testament prohibitions against _______.
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Terms in this set (120)
What prototype do most Roman temples derived from?EtruscanArchaeological evidence shows that the area that eventually became Rome has been inhabited continuously for the past _______________ years.14,000Which imperial male portraiture set a fashion for beards among Romans, and most emperors after him also wore a beard?HadrianThe Imperial Portraiture of Ara Pacis Augustea's _____________ signifies his supposed humbleness despite the great power he possessed.Lack of shoesWhich of the four Pompeian styles did wall painting begin to develop a more fantastical personality?Third StyleThe Early Byzantine period witnessed the establishment of strict guidelines for the production of which of the following?IconsWhich of the following is true of psalters, but NOT of triptychs, reliquaries, or icons?Psalters contain manuscript pagesWhich of the following is NOT a characteristic of Byzantine art and architecture?Figurative sculpture was very popular and was created frequently.The Byzantine Empire, so-called for the former name of Constantinople, was the Eastern portion of the __________ Empire.RomanIvory sculpture during the early Byzantine period, such as elaborate ivory diptychs, took the form of _______.relief sculptures.Which of these terms refer to a radiance that surrounds figures thought of as sacred?mandorlaThe surviving Byzantine art is predominantly religious and follow traditional models that translate their carefully controlled church theology into __________terms.ArtisticWhich of the following best describes how Late Byzantine art differed from its middle period?The mosaics demonstrate a new weightiness and smoothnessWhat is a Pantocrator?The ruler of everything, especially as an epithet for Jesus ChristWhat is the scene called that depicts the body of Christ being mourned after the removal of his body from the cross?Lamentation of ChristWhat is the name of the major temple or church building of a monastery or diocese in an Eastern Orthodox Church?KatholikonByzantinan figurative sculpture was very rare except for small, carved __________.IvoriesA constructive device that permits the placing of a circular dome over a square room or an elliptical dome over a rectangular space is a ______________.PendentiveWhich of the following is NOT true of Late Byzantine art?The settings are quite complex, and never pastoralAll of the following are characteristic of late Byzantine painting EXCEPT:figures were painted with correct perspectiveWhich of the following is the earliest style of Arabic calligraphy?KuficWhich of these cities became centers of Islamic learning?Marrakesh and SevillaWhat site is particularly significant for understanding the art and architecture of the Abbasid period (750-1258)?SamarraFill in the blank. The _____ are famous for building palaces that are often referred to as "desert palaces."UmayyadsThe Almoravids came to rule parts of the Sahara, Morocco, Algeria. They repudiated the lack of piety and what they considered to be the _________________ of the Ta'ifa kings.DecadenceArt and architecture of which period was a fusion of Persian, Islamic and East Asian traditions?The Ilkhanid periodTiraz textiles are associated with which of the following dynasties?The FatimidsThe Great Mosque and the minaret called La Giralda, which they built in Sevilla, are paradigms of which of the following styles?Almohad styleThe Umayyad period is often considered the formative period in __________ art.IslamicWhat city briefly served as the capital of the Abbasid caliphate from 836-883 and is an important source of information about Abbasid art and architecture?SamarraEspecially spectacular from this period is the minbar from the Kutubiyya Mosque, Marrakesh, commissioned in 1137 by which Almoravid sultan?'Ali ibn YusufGeometrical designs in repetition, used in Islamic art, are known as _________ and are to symbolize the transcendent, indivisible, and infinite nature of God.ArabesqueDuring Mu'awiya's reign (661-80), the seat of Islamic power was transferred from the Arabian Peninsula to which of the following countries?SyriaWhat is the nickname for the round city of Abbasid Baghdad?"City of Peace"A _________ is an album in book form containing Islamic miniature paintings and specimens of Islamic calligraphy, normally from several different sources, and perhaps other matter.MuraqqaThe art styles of Gandhāra and Mathura are noted for their distinctive style of Buddhist art influenced by ___________ culture.GreekTraditional Javanese buildings can be identified by their ______________ roofs that are supported by wooden pillars.TrapezoidalWhat type of cave is carved into the vertical side of a gorge located in the hills of the Sahyadri mountains?Ajanta CavesWhich Indian caves consist of Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain temples existing in relative harmony with one another?the Ellora caves_____________: an authorless, Hindu, religious and philosophical text considered to be an early source of the religion, it is found mostly as the concluding part of the Brahmanas and in the Aranyakas.UpanishadThe Nagara temple style is reflective of the _________ Indian area.NorthThe rising tower in a North Indian Hindu temple, literally meaning "mountain peak," is known as the _________.sikharaThe most common, distinguishing Hindu temple characteristic is the presence of _________ of the Hindu deity to whom the temple is dedicated.Murtis (statues)Fill in the blank. A relief sculpture can best be described as _____.a sculpture that is carved out from or into an unsculpted backgroundWhich of these locations in the later periods did Chinese influencers NOT predominate?They predominated all of these locationsIn what shape(s) were Sri Lankan stupas created?the bubble the bell the potHow was Greek influence manifested in the Gandhara style of Buddhist art?Sculpture reflected wavy hair, drapery covering both shoulders, and acanthus lead decorations. The Buddha is often shown under the protection of the Greek god Herakles. Buddhist images reflect representations found on the back of Demetruis' coins.The Dravida temple style is reflective of the _________ Indian area.SouthLacquerware was traditionally colored black using burnt wood to represent the ___________?UnderworldThe Robam Chun Por and the Robam Tep Apsara are examples of _______________.Classical Cambodian dance.A (n) ______________ designates areas and countries that have been heavily influenced by Chinese culture including China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.SinosphereA unique structural element of interlocking wooden brackets, one of the most important elements in traditional Chinese architecture is a _____________.DougongHow did Taoism influence the landscape paintings of the Song period?Taoism stressed that humans were merely small elements in a vast cosmos.During the Six Dynasties, miniature models of buildings were often made to decorate the tops of which objects?"soul vases"This Dynasty is also known for many impressive feats in architecture, sculpture, and other art, such as the beginnings of the Great Wall of China, the construction of the Terracotta Army, and the standardization of the writing system.The Qin DynastyThis temple was built in 782 CE, and its Great Buddha Hall is currently China's oldest preserved timber building. Which of the following choices is correct?Nanchan TempleWhich dynasty or dynasties preceded the short-lived Sui dynasty?the Southern and Northern dynastiesWhich of the following accurately lists the Six Dynasties from earliest to latest?Eastern Wu, Jin, Liu Song, Southern Qi, Lian, and ChenWhen did the Chinese Zhou Dynasty occur?Following the Shang Dynasty and preceding the Qin DynastyWhich of Korea's Three Kingdoms is considered to have had the greatest works of art?BaekjeWho of the following were commonly calligraphers in ancient China? (1) aristocrats, (2) scholar-officials, (3) royalty, (4) anyone could practice calligraphy(1) and (2)Which artist is famous for his panoramic painting, Along the River During the Qingming Festival?Zhang ZeduanThe Goguryeo Kingdom of Korea is known primarily for its ___________.tomb paintings.Ceramics began in China during the ___________ in the period of the Yangshao and Longshan cultures.New Stone AgeWhich artistic style is characterized by monochromatic and sparse landscapes?shuimohuaJapan developed extremely rich figurative art for the pantheon of Buddhist deities, sometimes combined with Hindu and Shinto influences. Because of this, Buddhist art tends to be very ________________.varied, creative, and bold.Japanese calligraphy of the Kamakura Period influenced and was influenced by what?Zen thoughtWhat was the Phoenix Hall of the Byōdō-in built to represent?The Western Paradise of AmidaHow does the Japanese temple of Hōryū-ji break from traditional Chinese and Korean prototypes?The Kondō and pagoda are side-by-side in the courtyard.Jomon clay figurines known as dogū are believed to have beenof religious or ritual significance.An extensive interconnected network of trade routes across Asia, North and Northeast Africa, and Europe, historically used by silk traders was ________ ____________.The Silk RoadWhat is the Kamakura period sometimes called?"the age of the warriors"What are syllabic Japanese scripts, that were devised to deal with the elements of pronunciation that could not be written with the borrowed Chinese characters known in Japan as kanji (漢)?Kana syllabaryBecause it was geographically at the end of the Silk Road, Japanwas able to preserve many aspects of Buddhism while it was disappearing in India.What does the Kofun period take its name from?The distinctive burial mounds of the area.When was Zen Buddhism introduced as a separate school of Buddhism in Japan?the 12th centuryWhile painting continued to develop into the 14th century, ______________ was by far the most popular art form.SculptureWhat advancements did the Yayoi people bring to Japan?kiln-fired ceramics the manufacture of copper weapons rice cultivationThe first text that shows a style unique to Japanese calligraphy was ______.Soukou ShujitsuThe Jōmon people are named for the "cord-markings," found on pottery of this era. What are cord markings?Decorative impressions made with ropeWhat of the following choices is a Mississippian site that extended from eastern Missouri to southern Illinois, is best known for its complex mound structure and the only copper workshop of the Woodland cultures.CahokiaWhich of these cultures arose between 100 and 200 BCE and whose artwork is extremely elaborate, incorporating geometric, animal, and anthropomorphic designs?IpiutakWhich of the following statements regarding the colossal stone heads of the Olmecs is FALSE?They are estimated to have been created before 1500 BCE.What was the major center of Classic Veracruz culture?El TajinThe Nazca culture had no writing system. The iconography or symbols on their ceramics served as a means of(for) __________________.CommunicationWhich of the following pairings accurately represents the culture that dominated the matching time period in Mesoamerican history?Pre-classic: Olmec, Classic: Maya, Post-classic: AztecWhich of the following was instrumental in advancing architecture during Mexico's post-classic period?the use of columns and stone roofs the introduction of nail the improvement of mortarChavin de Huantar was a thriving center of ceremonial activityuntil 500 BCE.All Thule objects were made by hand from natural materials, including:stone, bone, ivory, antler, and animal hides.How many Mixtec codices survived?EightThe coloration of Moche pottery is often simple and follows the Peruvian tradition with yellowish cream and rich red used almost exclusively on elite pieces and with ________ and _______ used rarely.White and blackWhich site was the spiritual and political center of the Tiwanaku culture?The Gate of the SunWhich of the following statements is true?Nazca art and culture was heavily influenced by the preceding Paracas culture.Which Southwestern Indigenous culture created the ritual art kachina figure?HopiThe Paracas culture was an important Andean society between approximately 800 and 100 BCE, with an extensive knowledge of ___________ and ______________.Irrigation and water managementHow many people could Great Zimbabwe, at its peak, have housed?18,000Africa is home to a rich history and diverse visual art. However, because most ancient art consisted of ___________, few works survive.Perishable materialsWhat is the difference between an anthropomorphic and zoomorphic?A zoomorphic is having the form or likeness of an animal, while anthropomorphic is having the form or attributes of a humanWhat is significant about the Great Mosque of Djenné?It is the largest mud brick or adobe building in the world.One of the most common artifacts of the Benin Kingdom is a mask based on Queen Idia that was made of ____?ivoryIn the monumental city of Great Zimbabwe, the Conical Tower was constructed between the two walls ofthe Great Enclosure.Igbo Isaiah, named after its discoverer Isaiah Anozie, is thought to have been a ______.shrineIdentify the correct answer. ____________ was a Berber dynasty from the Sahara that spread over a wide area of northwestern Africa and the Iberian peninsula during the 11th century.AlmoravidsWhat were Kongolese nkisi used for?Healing purposes. Good fortune in hunting. Divination practices.The ancient city of Aksum is in which modern-day country?EthiopiaThe word nkondi, which comes from the meaning "to hunt," is believed to ____________.protect the user from forces of evilHow many monolithic rock-cut churches can be found in Lalibela?13Great Zimbabwe elite's wealth included plentiful pottery, iron tools, copper and gold jewelry, elaborately worked ivory, bronze spearheads, gold beads and pendants, and soapstone sculptures and have all been found at the site. Which country is not one of those mentioned as a source of the artifacts?EgyptWhich of the following statements is false in regard to mbari?It is meant to be a permanent monument.There are thirteen churches in Ethiopia, assembled in four groups. Which group is said to have the most finely executed and best-preserved church?The Western Group