in an argument this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. it comes from the Latin meaning "against the man"
the repetition of initial consonant sounds, such as "peter piper picked a peck of pickled peppers"
a literary device employed to serve as a basis for comparison. it is assumed that what applies to the parallel situation also applies to the original circumstance.
the presentation of two contrasting images. the ideas are balanced by word, phrase, clause, or paragraphs. "To be or not to be"
a situation in which all parts of the presentation are equal, whether in sentences of paragraphs or sections of a longer work
the use of slang in writing, often to create local color and to provide an informal tone. Ex. "Huckleberry Finn"
the inclusion of a humorous character or scene to contrast with the tragic elements of a work, thereby intensifying the next tragic event.
the interpretive level of a work based on its associated images rather than its literal meaning
the aspects of a literary work that elicit pity from the audience. an appeal to emotion that can be used as a means to persuade