41 terms

6th Civics

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Terms in this set (...)

Citizen
A member of a community with a government and laws
Dictatorship
A government controlled by one person or a small group of people
Government
The power or authority that rules a country
Civics
The study of citizenship and government
Democracy
A government in which citizens hold the power to rule and to make the laws
Representative Democracy
A government that consists of representatives elected by the citizens
Alien
A person who lives in a country but is not a citizen
Deport
To expel from the country
Naturalization
The process by which resident aliens become citizens
Immigrant
A person who comes to a country with the intention of living there permanently
Census
A process for counting a nation's population
Quota
A specific limit on the number of persons allowed to enter a country
Refugee
A person who flees his or her homeland because of war, famine, or political oppression
Migration
A mass movement of people from one area to another
Parliament
The British legislature
Legislature
A group of people who make laws for a state or country
Precedent
A ruling what is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later similar case
Common Law
A system of law that is based on precedent
Colony
A group of people in one place who are ruled by the government of another place
Colonists
Members of a colony; those who settle in a new place
Compact
An agreement, or contract, made among a group of people
Mercantilism
The theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys
Boycott
A refusal to buy goods or use services as a means of protest
Repeal
To cancel a law
Delegate
A representative to a meeting
Congress
A formal meeting at which representatives discuss matters of common concern
Independence
Self-Reliance and freedom from outside control
Confederation
A group of individuals or states that band together for a common purpose
Ratify
To vote approval of
Amend
To change
export
to sell goods to other countries
Electoral College
a group of people who elect the President and the Vice President
Anti-Federalist
A person who opposed the constitution before 1789
Federalist
A person who supported the constitution and strong national government before 1789
Preamble
The introduction to the United States Constitution
Legislative
Having the power to make laws
Executive
Having the power to carry out laws
Judicial
Having the power to decide how laws should be applied in individual cases
Checks and Balances
A system in which each branch of government is able to limit the power of the other branches
Veto
To reject a bill
Override
To defeat a veto on a bill
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