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254 terms

Funeral Service Arts

Basics over each subject.
STUDY
PLAY
Shivah
Jewish faith....seven day mourning period.
Jinazah
islamic faith.....funeral or funeral prayer
Parastas
vigil service associated with eastern orthadox funerals.
Trisagion
Eastern orthadox faith.....3 short services or blessings that are part of the funeral rite. Tri for 3
Iconostasis
Eastern orthadox church.....partition that extends across the front of the church seperating the sanctuary from the solea.
Transepts
wings of the main church.
Elegy
Song or poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead.
memorial
physical object designed for the purpose of remembering.
cenotaph
A monument erected to the memory of the dead...without the dead body present.
Liturgical
Eucharist-centered worship. Worship service that has the eucharist or holy communion as its centeral element.
Narthex
Lobby, Vestibule, foyer Entry way into the funeral home or church
Nave
Seating or auditorium section of a church.
imam
islamic faith....leader of the local church.
sexton
one who is charge of a cemetery: Caretaker of a church.
Diocese
In the Roman Catholic Church......Geographical grouping of parishes under the jurisdiction of a bishop.
Celebrant
The officiant who celebrates the mass in the roman catholic church.
Acolyte
An alter attendant.
Cantor
A religious singer who assists the clergy.
Kriah
Hebrew Faith......Means rending or tearing. A symbol of grief....torn garment worn by mourners.
Kever
Jewish faith.....The grave.
Kevurah
Jewish faith.....The burial.
Hesped
Jewish faith.....Eulogy or ovation or Story of the deacesed's life.
Shomer
Jewish faith....A watcher.{one who sits with the body until burial
Tachrichim
Jewish faith.....Hand sewn white linen shroud in which the deceased are dressed.
Taharah
Jewish faith.....ceremony of washing the dead before burial. A ritual preformed by the chevra kiddisha
Kaddish
Jewish faith.....Prayer recited for the deceased by the direct mourners.
Levaya
Jewish faith.....funeral procession.
El Malei Rachamin
Jewish faith.....Memorial service. refered to as the malei, usually the last prayer of the funeral service.
Tehillim
Jewish faith.....prayers said before the funeral by a group of friends and the shomer.
Yizkor
Jewish faith.....memorial service recited 4 times a year. Yizkor rhymes with four.
Yahrzeit
Jewish faith.....anniversary of the death. Every year
Chancel
Protion of the church surrounding the altar. Usually enclosing the clergy.
Divine Liturgy
Eastern Orthadox faith......Liturgical celebration of the eucharist in eastern orthadox churches.
Solea
Eastern Orthadox Faith.....Open area sometimes raised before the altar.
Chevrah Kadisha
Hebrew Faith.....Phrase meaning "holy Society" Group that washes the deceased's body.
Aron
Hebrew Faith.....casket made totally of wood, no metal parts.
Shabbat
Jewish faith.....Sabbath, christi begins at sundown friday and ends at sundown saturday.
Tallith
Jewish faith.....prayer shawl worn by men during the morning prayer.
Double Entry Accounting
Process of Book keeping where there is a credit to one side and a debit to the other side. It balances the accounting equation!
Accounting Equation
Assets=Liabilities+Owners Equity.
Acid Test Ratio/Quick Ratio
Quick Assets minus Inventory divided by Current Liabilities. It measures the ability of a company to use its "Near Cash" to cover company liabilities.
Inventory Turnover
Inventory Turnover = COGS divided by Average Inventory.
Average Inventory = Beginning Inventory + End Inventory divided by 2.
Owners Equity
Assets minus Liabilities.
An owners financial interest in a business.
Current Asset Ratio
Current Assets divided by Current Liabilities
ABC Method
Method of classifying inventory items with categories that are of high value, less costly, and low cost items.
Contra Account
Account designed to accumulate totals to off set a related account.
Example: Accumulated depreciation the cumulative sum of all depreciation expense from the date of acquiring a plant asset - It runs opposite of another account.
Account receivable turnover
net sales divided by Average Accounts receivable
Average accounts receivable = Beginning Inventory minus Ending inventory divided by 2
Profit Margin
Net income divided by Net sales
W-4
Form for employee's withholding allowance certificate.
Bank Draft
A check drawn by one bank on another bank in which it has funds on deposit.
Cashiers check
Check drawn by a bank on its own funds; Treated as cash.
Credit Memorandum
A source document that grants credit to a buyer for purchase return or purchase allowance.
Sort of like store credit for items returned.
Aging Schedule
Grouping of Accounts recievable into age categories based upon length of time they have been outstanding.
J. Anthony Gaussardia
Patented a process of embalming involving the injection of an arsenic-alcohol mixture.
"Garsenic/Alcohol Mix"
Dr. William Harvey
Discovered the circulation of blood.
"Hard artery-Harvey"
Natron
Salt obtained from dry lakes used by egyptians in the mummification process.
Babylonians
Culture associated with the practice of immersing the dead body in earthen jars filled with honey or wax.
Canopic Jars
Used by the egyptians, four jars, usually made of alabastar, limestone, clay or basalt.
Each one of the four caps depicted heads of the sons of the god horus.
They held viscera of the deceased.
Circle of necessity
Egyptians believed this was a journey to the sun and back which required 3,000 years to complete.
Dr. Auguste Renouard
Author of the "Undertakers Manual"
First embalming textbook in the U.S.
"Augustext" "Renuardertaker"
August Hoffman
Credited with the discovery of the chemical formaldehyde.
Marcello Malpighi
Father of histology-study of tissues.
"Malphigi sounds like a sneeze....you'll need a tissue."
Joseph Henry Clarke
Founded Clarke School of embalming in cincinnati in 1882.
Jean N. Gannal
Author of "History of embalming"
French Chemist who developed early embalming methods.
He injected through the carotid artery.
Richard Harlan
Translated Gannal's "History of Embalming"
Brought european embalming techniques to the U.S.
John Hunter
Scottish anatomist credited with the discovery fo the "Hunters Canal" which is located deep to the middle third of the sartorius muscle in the thigh
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Father of "Microbiology-the scientific study of microscopic organisms and their effects."
Father of "Bacteriology-the scientific study of bacteria, especially in relation to medicine and agriculture.
Also invented the microscope.
Dr. Thomas Holmes
Father of modern embalming in the U.S. Civil war embalmer
Edwin Chadwick
Englishman who investigated mass corruption in regard to english burial practices.
Recommended cemeteries be municipalized to bring something under control of local government and religions rites be standarized bring them in conformity with one another in 1842.
International Conference of Funeral Service Examing Board
Agency responsible for production, administration and integrity of the national board examination. "The Conference"
American Board of Funeral Service Education
Agency that develops curriculum and accreditation standards for funeral service education programs in the U.S.
Dr. Frederick Ruysch
"Father of Embalming"
First to refine arterial injection of preservative into vascular system.
Anomic Grief
A term used to describe the experience of grief, especially in young bereaved parents, where mourning customs are unclear due to absence of prior bereavement experience. "First timers"
Grief
An emotion or set of emotions due to a loss.
Normal Grief responses= Guilt, Hallucinations and somatic distress physical pain or discomfort
Ethnic
Customs, characteristics although not physical, language that distinguish a group of people.
Culture
Consists of abstract patterns for living and dying, which are learned directly of indirectly.
The way people live, believe, talk and dress
Counseling
Webster-Advice, especially that given as a result of consultation.
Jackson-Anytime someone helps someone else with a problem.
Ohlsen-Therapeutic experience.
Rogers-good communication within and between two people:theraputic.
Sublimation
Redirection of emotion to culturally or socially useful purposes.
Helping raise awarness of breast cancer because mom died of it
Adaptation
Individuals ability to adjust to the psychological and emotional changes brought on by a stressful event such as the death of a significant other:
Ability to adjust
Attending
The process of focusing on certain stimuli from the environment.
Exaggerated Grief
Worden-Persons are usually conscious of the relationship of the reaction to the death, but the reaction to the current experience is excessive and disabling.
Acute Grief
Intense physical and emotional expression of grief occurring as the awarness increases of a loss of someone.
Client-Centered Counseling/Therapy
Carl rogers- Person Centered Humanistic Therapy "Unconditional Positive Regard"
Client comes up voluntarily for help.
Without any notion of surrendering his/her own responsibility.
Non-Directive method of counseling.
Stresses inherent worth of client.
Masked grief
Occurs when persons experience symptoms and behaviors which cause them difficulty, but do not see or recognize the fact that these are related to the loss.
Irritable, Tightness of shoulders
Bereavement
Act or event of seperation or loss that results in the experience of grief.
Event of a loss
Fear
Strong Emotion
Marked by such reactions as alarm, dread and disquiet.
Aggression
The intentional infliction of physical or psychological harm on another.
Affect
Feelings and their expression...an emotion.
Mourning
An adjustment process that involves grief or sorrow over a period of time.
Helps in the reorganization of life after a loss.
Denial
Defense Mechanism
Person is unable or refuses to see things as they are.
Such facts are threatening to oneself.
Attachment Theory
Bowlby
Tendency in human beings to make strong affectional bonds with others coming from the need for security and safety.
Grief Syndrome
Lindemann
A set of symptoms associated with loss.
Grief Therapy
Worden
Specialized techniques which are used to help people with complicated grief reactions.
Psychotherapy
Jackson
Intervention with people whose needs are so specific that usually they can only be met by specially trained physicians or psychologist.
Work with a deeper level of conscious.
Complicated Grief
Unresolved or Chronic
Grief extending over a long period of time with out resolve.
Worden four classes of complicated grief. Exaggerated, masked, chronic and delayed.
Mitigation
Any event, person or object that lessens the degree of guilt.
Focusing
Centering a clients thinking and feelings on the situation causing a problem.
Assisting a client in choosing a behavior to solve the problem.
Griefwork
Lindemann
Process occuring with loss aimes at loosening the attachment to the dead for reinvestment for the living.
Completing tasks to resolve grief.
Law
A must behavior.
Enforced by those governing.
Caveat Venditor
Let the seller beware.
Extended Joint Family
Father, Mother, All children, sons and wives and their children
Except married daughters
Folkways
When violated they do not call for a strong reaction from society.
Egalitarian
Male and Female have equal rights, duties and governing power.
"Equalitarian"
Blended Family
"Brady Bunch" Male and Female and children from previous marriages and present marriage.
Thanatophobia
An irrational exaggerated fear of death.
Social Facilitation
Phenomenon that occurs when an individuals performance improves because of the presence of others.
Cultural Relativism
Emotional attitude that all cultures are equal and pertinent.
Enculturation Socialization
Method by which social values are internalized Learned.
Codicil
An addition or amendment of a last will and testament executed with the same formality as the will.
Amendment of a will
Mores
A must behavior
Create strong reaction from society when violated.
Customs
Social behavior as dictated by the tradition of the people.
Neo-Localism
The tendency of offspring to move away from the area in which they were born.
Class
Social grouping which members posess roughly equivalent culturally valued attributes.
Syntax
Deals with the arrangements of words in a sentence.
Vital Statistics
The registration, preparation, transcription, collection, compilation and preservation of data pertaining to birth, adoptions, death and etc...
Cultural Universal
Abstract patterns for living and dying which are identifiable in all cultures.
Bail Handle
Unique handle, a single handle in which the lug, arm and bar are combined in one unit.
Attached directly to body panel.
Stationary bar
Non moveable casket handle.
Casket Swing bar
Moveable casket handles with hinged arms.
Four components of a casket handle
Lug or Ear A.K.A. "The Escutcheon"
Part that is attached to the casket body.
Arm-Part that attaches the bar to the lug.
Bar-Grasped for carrying.
Tip-decorative part of handle.
Casket crown
Uppermost portion of the cap.
Pie
Fishtail Wedge shaped portion of the cap at each end of the crown.
Burial Vault
Outer enclosure that offers protection from the earth load as well as sealing qualities. Concrete, metal, plastic, etc...
Grave Liner
Outer enclosure that offers protection from the earth load but without protection from the elements. Concrete box
Ziegler case
Gasketed container that can be used as a shipping container.
Used for advanced decompostion cases or infectious disease.
Required by many foreign countries.
Combination unit
NOT A COMBINATION CASE!
Casket formed so that a one piece dome component can be attached to casket body. Vault and casket in one
Casket Shell
Refers collectively to all the parts that make up the cap or Lid and Body of the casket. The entire casket
Casket Body
Portion of casket shell containing the top body molding, body panels, base molding and casket bottom.
Casket cap
Topmost portion of the casket shell.
In cludes the ogee, crown, pie and header.
Fold
Also called "Gimp" it is a strip of metal that is attached to the inside of the panel.
It covers the area where the roll "Cove" is attached to the casket.
Cove
Also called "Roll" or "Puffing".
Lines the rim "Ogee" and surrounds the cap panel.
Cap Panel
Focal point of the interior.
Fills the inside portion of the crown.
Body Panels
Compose the sides and ends of the casket.
Base molding
Consists of the molding along the lower most edge of the body panels.
Ogee Flange
"Rim Flange" turned under edge or horizontal portion of the rim which comes in contact with the gasket.
Select hardwood
"Salix" constructed from a variety of hardwood species.
Retort
Burning chamber of a crematory.
"Diving Bell" method of vault closure
"Air Seal" Utilizes air pressure created by placing the dome onto the base of the vault.
"Top Seal" method of vault closure
Utilizes epoxy compound in conjunction with tongue and grove ant the top of the vault.
Cloth covered caskets
Broadcloth-twilled, napped, woolen or worsted fabric.
Canvas-Firm closely woven fabric.
Doeskin-Heavy durable cotton fabric with a suede like appearance.
Plush-Woven cloth with a nap.
Velvet
A fabric of silk, cotton and possibly rayon with a "Nap" Plush, Downy soft surface texture.
Mid to upper range caskets.
Crepe
A thin wrinkled cloth of silk, rayon, cotton or wool.
Low to mid range caskets.
Satin
Fabric woven to create a smooth, lustrous face and dull back.
Low range caskets.
Linen
Fabric made from flax, noted for strength, coolness and luster.
Hammertone finish
Crinkled finish to the exterior of a metal casket.
Sprayed finish that has the apperance of indentations in the metal.
Header
Cap filler, bridge Portion of the cap/lid that is constructed into caskets that display a cut top.
"Double Seal" method of vault closure
utilizes the "Diving Bell" along with an epoxy material at the base of the vault.
Infant casket size
Range from twelve inches to five feet six inches in length.
Units increase length wise in six inch increments.
Gauge of steel Measurements
Measures how many sheets of metal to equal one inch.
The lower the gauge of steel the thicker the steel. Inversly related.
Perfection full couch
Casket in which ogee "Rim", crown and pie are formed as one piece.
Ogee
"Rim" is an "S" shaped molding that is part of the casket cap.
Two types of hardwood found in a tree
Heartwood-best quality wood, near the center of the tree.
Sapwood-found between heartwood and the bark, lighter and lower in quality.
Hardwood
Mahogany, cherry, birch, maple, oak, poplar and walnut.
Broad leaved deciduous trees. Trees that actually lose their leaves.
forty percent of all trees.
Softwood
Pine, Cedar.
Coniferous Cone bearing trees with needles or scale like foliage
Casket dimensions
Metal: Interior
Width: 23 to 24 inches
Length: 6 feet 5 inches or 78 inches
Height: 16 to 24 inches
Wood: Interior
Width: 22 inches
Length: 75 inches
Height: 16 to 22 inches
Exterior: 84" Length by 29" Width
Oversize Casket dimensions
Size increases by 2" for width
3" for height and each increase is represented by X
Metal: 23" Width by 78" Length
Wood 22"Width by 75" Length
Dimensions of burial containers
Standars: 86" Length by 30"Width
Perfection half couch
A casket in which ogee "Rim", crown and pies are formed as one unit with a transverse cut in the cap.
2 piece lid.
Negotiable Instrument Commercial Paper
Substitute for money or an instrument of credit.
Order Paper
Commercial paper made payable "to the order of", the word order or an equivalent word is used.
Limited partner
Partner whose liability is limited to the amount of his or her debts.
Promissory Estoppel
Acting upon a promise but the promisor does not keep his promis to your detriment.
Courts will require promisor to keep his promise if he reneges.
Bearer Paper
Commercial paper payable to bearer, to the person having possesion of such.
Example: Document indicating title, such as a stock certificate.
Accord & Satisfaction
An agreement made and executed in satisfaction of the rights one has from a previous contract.
Example: Someone else assuming your mortgage on the sale of your home.
Maker
Person who executes a promissory note...A promise to pay.
Payee
Party to whom any negotiable instrument is more payable.
Legatee
One who inherits personal property under a will.
Moral Turpitude
Crime involving a willful wrongdoing, usually a felony.
Administrative Law
Body of law created by federal and state administrative agencies to implement their powers and duties in the form or rules, regulations, orders and decisions.
Example: OSHA or the FTC.
Administrative Agency
An appointed governmental body with implementing particular legislation.
Novation
The change of one of the parties to a contract at the mutual agreement of the orginal contract.
Example: Replacing a party for another party and everyone is cool with it...They get standing novation!
Ademption
The extinction or withdrawal of a legacy under a will by an act equivalent to revocation.
Example: Property no longer available but was bequeathed or left in the will.
Abatement
A proportional reduction of a legacy-money or property left to someone in a will- When assets out of which such legacy are payable are not sufficient to pay it in full.
Apellate court
Court hearing cases appealed from lower courts.
Intestate
The state of dying without having made a will.
Intestate Succession
Succession of an heir at law to the property and estate when there is no will.
Nuncupative
"Bedside Will" Oral will dictated on death bed before witnesses.
Per Stripes
Specifies in a will that each family branch recieves an equal share of the estate.
Usually first choice beneficiary has died.
Administrator
Man appointed by the court to settle an estate.
Administratrix
A woman appointed by the court.
Bona Fide Occupational Qualification
A qualification that is absolutely necessary for the job.
Allowed and approved reason for discrimination.
Trial Court
Courts that conduct the original trial and render their decision.
Tort
A private or civil wrong.
Either intentional or caused by negligence, for which there may be action for damages.
Stare Decisis
The principle that the decision of a court should serve as a guide or precedent and control the decision of a similar case in the future.
Statues
Laws which are enacted by legislative bodies.
By country or state.
Agent Driver
Those drivers under the directions and control of a funeral director who is liable for their actions.
Devise
Gift of real estate made by will.
Devisee
One who inherits real estate under a will.
Constructive Custody
Having the authority to control disposition although another party has physical possession. Not Physical Custody
Custodian
A funeral director becomes legal protector of a corpse from the time of removal until final disposition.
Nuisance in fact
Not a nuisance but can become or used in a manner that is a nuisance.
Nuisance Per Se
A nuisance at all times under all circumstances.
Assignment
A means whereby one party conveys or gives rights to another person who is not a party to the original contract.
Escheat
Forfeiture of a decedents property to the state in absence of heirs.
Consignee
One to whom goods are shipped by common carrier. By Air, Land or Sea.
Consignor
One who ships by common carrier.
Bailee
The party who acquires possession but not the title of personal property in a bailment. Example: Funeral director recieving family jewelry.
Bailment
The transfer of possession but not title of personal property by one party to another under agreement.
Bailor
The party WHOM GIVES UP possession, but not title, or property in a bailment.
Fraud
Intentional or reckless false statement of a material fact.
Induced party to enter contract to his/her detriment.
Example: deception made for personal gain.
Bearer
A person in possession of an instrument.
Example: holding a stock certificate.
A dead human body
Is not property in a real sense....It's quasi-property. Quasi means: to some degree; in some manner, almost but not really.
Endorsee
Person who is a holder of a negotiable instrument by endorsements which name them.
Endorsement
Signature by owner which indicates future control.
Endorser
Person who writes his name on back of instrument.
Implied Authority
Agents authority to do things in order to carry out contract.
Implied contract
Contract is implied by acts and conduct of the parties.
Implied Warranty
Warranty imposed by law because the sale was made.
Duress
A means of removing ones free will.
Obtaining consent by means of threat to do harm.
Executor/Executrix
Man/ Women APPOINTED BY THE WILL of a deacesed person to carry out the provisions there of and settle the estate.
Delayed Grief : Worden
Inhibited, suppressed or postponed response to a loss.
Osiris
Judge of the dead.
Necropolis
City of the dead.
Libitina
Ancient Roman goddess of corpses and funerals.
Funeralis
Latin for torchlight procession.
Catafalque
Raised platform used for a body to lie in state.
Keyboard
Is not considered to be an output device!
Database
An organized collection of related data.
Port
A socket on a microcomputer used to attach equipment by cable.
Denotations
Objective, emotion free meanings of a term.
Obesquies
A funeral rite or ceremony.
Bi-unit pricing
A procedure that shows separately the price of the services to be rendered and the price of the casket.
Fuctional pricing
A procedure by which charges are broken down into several major components.
Itemized pricing
A procedure by which each and every function and item of merchandise is priced seperately.
Unit pricing
A procedure which creates one total package for both services and merchandise.
Median Sale
The middle sale when sales for a given period of time are arranged in order of their increasing value.
Rubrics
Stated directions or rules in the Liturgical protestant church regarding church practices and procedures.
Bronze
Is an alloy of copper, tin and sometimes zinc.
Mary Baker Eddy
The founder of the Church of Christ, Scientist.
Practitioner
The officiant for the christian science funeral.
Bail-handle
Non-movable handle consisting of a lug only.
Thirty Caskets
Maximum number recommended number of caskets carried in a casket selection room.
Hermetically Sealed casket
Casket that is completely sealed by fusion or soldering.
Indirect lighting
Type of lighting used in a funeral home that reflects off of the ceiling.
Probate
The filing and proving of the will following death.
Negligence
A breach of duty of care one individual has toward others.
Contract rate
The max amount of interest that may be charged.
Formal contract
A contract under seal.
Disaffirmance
The election to void a contract.
Ratification
A restatement of one's willingness to be bound by his promises made during minority.
Forbearance
When one promises to refrain from doing something.
Statue of frauds
The statue listing certain classes of contracts which must be in writing to be enforceable.
Statue of Limitations
When one party to a contract breaches the contract, the other party to the contract has a right to sue for breach of contract within a time frame fixed by this statue.
abatement
A proportional reduction of a legacy when the funds or assets out of which such legacy are payable are not sufficient to pay it in full.
The uniform Commerical Code
The most important statue in business law.
Injunction
A permanent order, issued by a court, forbidding acrivities which would be detriment to others.
Consanguinity
A term for blood kin.
Joint and several contract
A contract which is written so that either party may consider it as a joint obligation or a group of individual obligations.
Bill of lading
A document of title which sets forth the contract between the shipper and carrier.
Indorsements of commercial paper
Include Blank, Qualified and Restrictive endorsements.
Lien
A charge against another's property as security for a debt or claim.
Replevin
An action to recover possession of property unlawfully detained.
Several Contract
A contract in which two or more people individually agree to perform the same obligation.
Caveat emptor
Let the buyer beware.