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Maximilien Robespierre

Leading figure of the French Revolution; he was known for his intense dedication to the Revolution. He became increasingly radical and lead the National Convention during its most bloodthirsty time

Reign of Terror

The historic period (1793-1794) during the French Revolution when 40,000 were executed


A machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution during the French Revolution.

Napoleon Bonaparte

The ruler of France after the French revolution, Overthrew French Directory in 1799 and became emperor of the French in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 (hundred days) but was defeated and died in exile.

Coup d'état

Napoleon taking over


Voting, popular vote, French supported Napoleon


Developed by Napoleon, French government-run public schools.

Concordat w/ Catholic Church

An agreement of napoleon and the church that would give the church more power. Napoleon made an agreement with Pope Pius VII to make peace, which gave Napoleon what he wanted: required both the clergy and revolutionaries to resign from office. The concordat declared Catholicism the national religion of France.

Napoleonic Code

A comprehensive and uniform system of laws established by Napoleon. Also removed may rights such as freedom of speech.

Congres of Vienna

Meet to restore European countries to their original monarchy in order to create a stable Europe

Saint Domingue

Haiti, where the Toussaint L'Overture revolt occurred

Grand Blancs

One social class of Haiti before the revolution, a group of rich important whites

Petit Blancs

One social class of Haiti before the revolution, the middle class, made of whites

Gens de Couleur

Former slaves, usually having bought their freedom


Escaped slaves

Boukman Rebellion

A voodoo ceremony happened were they decided to start the revolution

Toussaint L'Ouverture

Was an important leader of the Haïtian Revolution and the first leader of a free Haiti. In a long struggle again the institution of slavery, he led the blacks to victory over the whites and free coloreds and secured native control over the colony in 1797, calling himself a dictator.

Jean Jacques Dessalines

The first ruler of Haiti after the revolution, led the slave rebellion after the first slave rebel was captured; led to Haitian independence.

Estates General

A meeting of the representatives of the 3 estates, where they vote on laws and policies.

National Assembly

The name that the 3rd estate gave themselves after they were locked out of the estates general.

Tennis Court Oath

The oath that the National Assembly took to make a constitution, after they were locked out of the estates general.

Storming the Bastille

The members of the revolution broke into the Bastille, a prison that practiced torture, and stole a lot of guns and gunpowder and cookies.

Declaration of the Rights of Man

The new constitution formed by the
National Assembly.


People who want a lot of change.


Want some change but not too much. Wanted some changes in government, but not as many as the radicals.


Don't want things to change.

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