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Unit 4 - DHO textbook

Civil Law

Body of law dealing with private rights of individuals

Criminal Law

group of laws that defines and sets punishments for offenses against society


a civil wrong committed against a person or property, excluding breach of contract


Bad practice


careless neglect; often resulting in injury

Assault & Battery

assault includes a threat or attempt to injure, and battery includes the unlawful touching of another person without consent.

Informed Consent

consent granted by a person after the patient has received knowledge and understanding of potential risks and benefits

Invasion of Privacy

unwelcome and unlawful intrusion into one's private life so as to cause outrage, mental suffering, or humiliation


a tort consisting of false and malicious publication printed for the purpose of defaming a living person


words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another

False Imprisonment

restraining an individual or restricting an individual's freedom


The intentional mistreatment or harm of another person


slander or libel

Legal disability

does not have the legal capacity to form a contract.


a binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by law

Implied contract

a contract in which the terms are not expressly stated but can be inferred from the actions of the people involved and the circumstances

Expressed contract

a written or oral agreement in which all terms are explicitly stated


a representative who acts on behalf of other persons or organizations

Privileged communication

Information given by a patient to medical personnel which cannot be disclosed without consent of the person who gave it.

Health care records

contain information about the care provided to patient; must be kept confidential


the principles of right and wrong that guide an individual in making decisions


The principle of law that prohibits the release of medical or other personal information about a patient without the patient's consent.

Patients Rights

factors of care that patients can expect to receive

Residents Rights

rights identified by OBRA for residents in long term care facilities; purpose is to inform residents and others of their rights within these facilities and to provide an ethical code of conduct for health care workers

Advance Directives

documents that allow people to choose what kind of medical care they wish to have if they are unable to make those decisions themselves.

Living Will

A document that indicates what medical intervention an individual wants if he or she becomes incapable of expressing those wishes.


Do Not Resuscitate

DPOA for health care

allows a competent person to name someone else to exercise health related decisions


Federal law that makes sure patients are informed of their rights

Professional standards

guidelines of acceptable behavior and performance established by professional associations.

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