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30 terms

Legal & Ethical Responsibilities

Unit 4 - DHO textbook
STUDY
PLAY
Civil Law
Body of law dealing with private rights of individuals
Criminal Law
group of laws that defines and sets punishments for offenses against society
Tort
a civil wrong committed against a person or property, excluding breach of contract
Malpractice
Bad practice
Negligence
careless neglect; often resulting in injury
Assault & Battery
assault includes a threat or attempt to injure, and battery includes the unlawful touching of another person without consent.
Informed Consent
consent granted by a person after the patient has received knowledge and understanding of potential risks and benefits
Invasion of Privacy
unwelcome and unlawful intrusion into one's private life so as to cause outrage, mental suffering, or humiliation
Libel
a tort consisting of false and malicious publication printed for the purpose of defaming a living person
Slander
words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another
False Imprisonment
restraining an individual or restricting an individual's freedom
Abuse
The intentional mistreatment or harm of another person
Defamation
slander or libel
Legal disability
does not have the legal capacity to form a contract.
Contract
a binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by law
Implied contract
a contract in which the terms are not expressly stated but can be inferred from the actions of the people involved and the circumstances
Expressed contract
a written or oral agreement in which all terms are explicitly stated
Agent
a representative who acts on behalf of other persons or organizations
Privileged communication
Information given by a patient to medical personnel which cannot be disclosed without consent of the person who gave it.
Health care records
contain information about the care provided to patient; must be kept confidential
Ethics
the principles of right and wrong that guide an individual in making decisions
Confidentiality
The principle of law that prohibits the release of medical or other personal information about a patient without the patient's consent.
Patients Rights
factors of care that patients can expect to receive
Residents Rights
rights identified by OBRA for residents in long term care facilities; purpose is to inform residents and others of their rights within these facilities and to provide an ethical code of conduct for health care workers
Advance Directives
documents that allow people to choose what kind of medical care they wish to have if they are unable to make those decisions themselves.
Living Will
A document that indicates what medical intervention an individual wants if he or she becomes incapable of expressing those wishes.
DNR
Do Not Resuscitate
DPOA for health care
allows a competent person to name someone else to exercise health related decisions
PSDA
Federal law that makes sure patients are informed of their rights
Professional standards
guidelines of acceptable behavior and performance established by professional associations.