19 terms

Elements and Structures of Fiction

STUDY
PLAY
theme
a message that the author is trying to communicate to the reader about people, or about basic human needs
characterization
techniques an author uses to show the reader a character's personality, history, values, physical attributes, etc.
antagonist
a character who works against the main character/hero
protagonist
the main character in a story
dynamic character
a character who changes because of what happens to him or her
static character
a character who stays the same throughout the story, who doesn't learn or grow.
plot
the action or sequence of events in a story; short stories have one plot line, novels have many
exposition
the beginning to a story that provides background information and introduces character, setting and conflict
rising action
events in a story that move the plot forward and build toward the climax;rising action involves conflict and complications
climax
the turning point in a story
falling action
action that occurs after the climax;this is when conflicts are resolved
resolution
where the story comes to a satisfying end;the lesson or resolution is further explained
point of view
the identity of the narrative voice
first person point of view
a character often the protagonist ells the story
third person point of view
no character narrates throughout the story;can be omniscient (all-knowing) or limited to only one characters thoughts
setting
the time and place where a story occurs; also includes the cultural,emotional, and social environments
conflict
the problem in a story
external conflict
a problem between characters, between a character and nature, or between character and society
internal conflict
a problem within the main character