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another name for the spoils system, in which government jobs or favors are given out to political allies and friends
political movement founded in the 1890s representing mainly farmers, favoring free coinage of silver and government control of railroads and other large industries
a decline in the volume of available money or credit that results in lower prices, and, therefore, increases the buying power of money
store where farmers bought products from each other; an enterprise owned and operated by those who use its services
graduated income tax
tax based on the net income of an individual or businsss and which taxes different income levels at different rates
person who believes that coining silver currency in unlimited quantities will eliminate economic crisis
farmer who works land for an owner who provides eqiupment and seed and receives a share of the crop
a clause that allowed individuals who did not pass the literacy test to vote if their fathers or grandfathers had voted before Reconstruction began; an exception to a law based on preexisting circumstances
the actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over a smaller or weaker nation
a country that is technically independent but is actually under control of another country
type of sensational, biased, and often false reporting for the sake of attracting readers
Open Door policy
a policy that allowed each foreign nation in China to trade freely in the other nations' spheres of influence
a policy of joining the business interests of a country with its diplomatic interests abroad
a political movement that crossed party lines which believed that industrialism and urbanization had created many social problems and that government should take a more active role in dealing with these problems
a plan in which a city's government is divided into different departments with different functions, each placed under the control of a commissioner
a vote held by all members of a political party to decide their candidate for public office
the right of citizens to place a measure or issue before the voters or the legislature for approval
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