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(tenth book) compiled by the tenth guru (Gobind Singh) and is secondary scripture to the Adi Granth
Spiritual leader. There is only one Guru- god, the inner voice; but earthly gurus make the divine present in the community
Guru Arjan Dev
Sikh. The fifth guru, the compiler of the Adi Granth, who died a martyr for the faith. Responsible for the construction of the Golden Temple at Amritsar.
Guru Gobind Singh
The last Guru, became one at age 9 when he received his father's decapitated head. Initiates first Sikhs or Khalsa(Pure ones) Has mutual baptism: immursion in amrit/nectar or sugar water. Pure one's Khalsa, have five symbolic adornments. Called the five K's because they all begin with the letter K.
Sikh. The son of Arjun and the sixth guru. He began to strengthen the Sikhs militarily after his father's martyrdom.
Guru Tegh Bahadur
Sikh. The ninth guru, 9th guru; Emperor threatens to kill hindus if they don't convert. The hindus go to the guru for help. He goes to the emperor and is killed.
The Fifth Five K's: defensive sword symbolic of God's power and the Sikh deity to protect the weak
the muslim minstrel who was Nanak's companion during his preaching tours and who never became a Sikh
sometimes used to denote a Sikh who follows many tenets of the religion but doesn't necessarily keep the 5 K's. Many Sikhs in the U.S. have cut their hair and beards, etc.
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