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42 terms

Sikhism

Rel C 351 Professor Keller
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Adi Granth
Means "first book" and is the primary Sikh scripture. aka guru granth sahib
Amrit-dhari
Sikh who has received amrit (nectar)
Amritser
AkA Ramdaspur. The location of the Golden temple
Baisakhi
spring festival in which Guru Gobind Singh made the order of the khalsa
Bala
hindu companion of Nanak who never became a Sikh
Dasam Granth
(tenth book) compiled by the tenth guru (Gobind Singh) and is secondary scripture to the Adi Granth
Guru
Spiritual leader. There is only one Guru- god, the inner voice; but earthly gurus make the divine present in the community
Guru Arjan Dev
Sikh. The fifth guru, the compiler of the Adi Granth, who died a martyr for the faith. Responsible for the construction of the Golden Temple at Amritsar.
Guru Gobind Singh
The last Guru, became one at age 9 when he received his father's decapitated head. Initiates first Sikhs or Khalsa(Pure ones) Has mutual baptism: immursion in amrit/nectar or sugar water. Pure one's Khalsa, have five symbolic adornments. Called the five K's because they all begin with the letter K.
Guru Granth Sahib
sacred scripture. Honored as a king eleventh and final Guru
Guru Hargobind
Sikh. The son of Arjun and the sixth guru. He began to strengthen the Sikhs militarily after his father's martyrdom.
Guru Tegh Bahadur
Sikh. The ninth guru, 9th guru; Emperor threatens to kill hindus if they don't convert. The hindus go to the guru for help. He goes to the emperor and is killed.
Gurdwara
sikh temple
Haumai
pride or ego
Kachh
The Fourth Five K's: undergarments as a reminder of chastity and purity
Kanga
Sikh. Comb; symbolizes the controlling of mind and body; one of the five marks of the Khalsa
Kara
One of 5 K's iron bracelet, represents good deeds
Kaur
Surname given to Sikh females when entering Khalsa meaning Princess
Kesh
uncut hair and beard; symbolizes spirituality and repsect for natural laws;
Kes-dhari
"hair-bearer";Sikh who has not yet been initiated with Amrit but still keeps the 5 K's.
Khalsa
"the pure ones" the sikh order
Kirpan
The Fifth Five K's: defensive sword symbolic of God's power and the Sikh deity to protect the weak
Langar
community meal for all, regardless of caste or position
Mardana
the muslim minstrel who was Nanak's companion during his preaching tours and who never became a Sikh
Miri
sword of secular power worn by guru hargobind
Mukti
release
Nanak
Founder (1496-1539) of Sikhism and the first Guru
Nath
hindu tradition focusing on the interior search for god
Piri
one of the swords worn by guru Hargobind which represents spiritual power
Ramdaspur
town founded by 3rd guru
known as Amritser today
Sahaj-dhari
sometimes used to denote a Sikh who follows many tenets of the religion but doesn't necessarily keep the 5 K's. Many Sikhs in the U.S. have cut their hair and beards, etc.
Samsara
rounds of rebirth
Sanghat
the company of illuminated and enlightened souls.
Sant
A Hindu tradition believing in devotion to God, who is formless
Seva
service
Sikh
a follower of Nanak and a word meaning "disciple:
Simran
meditation
Singh
Surname given to Sikh males of the khalsa meaning Lion
true name
"true name" Sikh God.God cannot be captured in a name, and therefore call true name
Ram Das
4th guru. laid down the foundation for the golden temple
vahiguru
sikh god
satnam
the true god