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Computer Basics Worksheet
Terms in this set (15)
The combination of hardware and software used to accomplish a particular task.
The physical parts of a computer system, such as the keyboard, monitor, printer, etc.
The instructions, also called computer programs, which are used to tell a computer what it should do.
A piece of hardware that allows the user to input data to a computer system (keyboard, mouse, scanner).
A piece of hardware that accepts output from the computer and presents it in a form the user can understand (monitor, printer)
The main circuit board for the PC. All hardware components are attached to it.
The main processing device for a computer system. Also called the "brain of the computer". Performs all calculations and comparisons.
Stands for random access memory and is used to temporarily hold programs and data when they are being used by the user. It is volatile, and is erased when the power is off.
Stands for read only memory and holds data that the computer needs to startup. The data in this type of memory cannot be erased.
The main storage medium for most PCs. Come in different sizes and is a faster device than other types of storage devices. Usually listed as your c: drive.
An optical storage device that holds a large amount of data and is created by using laser beams to burn the data to the disk. Usually listed as your d: drive
Software that enables the computer to manage its activities and resources. Runs application programs and interfaces with the user.
A computer program designed to perform a specific task directly for the user or for another application. Examples include word processing and Internet software.
The background work area displayed on the screen when using Microsoft Windows or another operating system with a graphical user interface.
A small picture or other type of graphical image that represents a program, command or document and invokes some action when selected.
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