Feudalism / Manorialism
Terms in this set (32)
Draw and label the feudal pyramid.
A person who was granted land from a lord in return for their services.
A grant of land given to a vassal from a lord.
When land/family title to the oldest son.
A large farming estate with farmlands, a church, peasants, etc.
What was the feudal system/feudalism and why was it necessary?
A political system of local government based on the granting of land in return for loyalty, military assistance, and other services.
An economic system during the Middle Ages that revolved around self-sufficient farming estates where lords and peasants shared the land.
Why was Manorialism important?
It taught the people of the Middle Ages to become self-sufficient.
How did Manorialism work?
Everything that was needed in life was produced on one's manor. In return for being allowed to work the land the peasants gave the lord some of their crops, farmed his land, and also paid taxes.
Explain the process of becoming a knight.
1. Needed to be in nobility to become a knight.
2. When your 7 years old, it is decided whether you will be monk or a knight.
3. Become a knight's page.
4. Become a knight's squire.
5. The knight finally decides if you will become a knight or not.
What are the three forms of feudal justice?
Trial by Battle
Trial by Ordeal
What is the code of chivalry?
The code that made sure that knights were polite to all people.
What was the purpose of the coat of arms?
A symbol that you wear as a knight that identifies you and your history.
What were peasants' lives like during the feudal period? Provide some examples.
They lived in homemade houses that had two rooms. They mainly ate bread and beans and what they could grow. They had to pay their lords in food but they got protection from the knights. Boys started school sometimes at about the age of 5. Here they would learn how to grow crops and do some simple algebra. They only learned what they needed to to survive. They exchanged days of long work in the harvesting season for days of rest in the winter. They had one or two outfits, sleepwear. The outer cloths were almost never washed while the undergarments were washed regularly. The material of their clothing was very rough. They had most Christian holidays off. They were very poor. Girls were trained to be wives and boys were trained to work in the fields. Wives cooked and Husbands worked in the fields. Harvest Vegetables. Take care of the animals.
What types of armor did a knight wear in the EARLY Middle Ages?
Used a long lance or sword
Explain the church hierarchy.
Ceremonies at which participants receive God's direct favor, or grace, to ward off the consequences of sin.
A group of advisers to the pope drawn from the highest ranks of clergy.
Catholic officials ranking next below the pope.
The head of a monastery who controlled and distributed all property.
The head of a convent who served a role similar to an abbot.
Define the Cannon Law
The code of law in the Catholic Church.
The Catholic Church's punishment of a region, involving closing churches and withholding sacraments.
people who denied the truth of the official church's principles or who preached beliefs not approved by the church.
Church tax collected from Christians in early times that represented one tenth of their income; later became a gift to the church representing one tenth of a person's income.
The practice of buying high positions in the Catholic Church, common during the Middle Ages.
What does the Pope do?
The leader of the Roman Catholic church, elected by the cardinals for life.
What do the Cardinals do?
The cardinals are the elected "government" of the RC church. They elect the Pope among their number.
What do the Archbishops do?
Rule over a large area called an archdiocese responsible for making sure that the bishops follow the church "rules".
What of the Bishops do?
Responsible for a diocese which is the main administrative unit of the church. He also visits his church and checks on the activities around it.
What do the Priests do?
Has the same roles as the bishop has in a diocese.