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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Pathologically there is progressive atrophy of the striatum and the cortical connections to these nuclei
  2. Continuous involuntary movements of the face, limbs or trunk
  3. abnormal involuntary movements
  4. Pathologically there is loss of dopaminergic neurons in the Substantia nigra pars compacta
  5. rhythmic oscillatory movements of the agonist and antagonist muscles when the limbs are relaxed
  1. a Hyperkinesia
  2. b Chorea
  3. c Huntington's Disease
  4. d Parkinson's Disease
  5. e Resting tremor

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Basal Ganglia Loops
  2. Basal Ganglia Function
  3. Ballismus
  4. Parkinson's Disease
  5. Thalamus

5 True/False questions

  1. Abnormal positions of the body, head, or limbsDystonia


  2. Movement disorders are clinically characterized as hypokinetic or ______ and they are produced by abnormalities of the basal ganglia or their connectionsChorea


  3. -Gradual and progressive behavioral, cognitive symptoms and choreic movements beginning in the forth or fifth decade of life
    -Death occurs within 10 to 20 years
    -Inherited as an autosomal dominant disorder
    -The defective gene is located in the short arm of chromosome 4 and encodes for the protein huntingtin
    -The gene includes multiple tandem repeats of the trinucleotide CAG encoding glutamine
    Huntington's Disease


  4. -Abnormal movements of the proximal limb muscles
    -The amplitude of the movement is larger than in choreic movements
    -It is most common due to a lacunar infarct of the contralateral subthalamic nucleus
    -Other causes are hemorrhages, tumors, and inflammatory diseases


  5. Increased resistance to passive movements of the limbsHypokinesia