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5 Written questions

4 Matching questions

  1. -Gradual and progressive behavioral, cognitive symptoms and choreic movements beginning in the forth or fifth decade of life
    -Death occurs within 10 to 20 years
    -Inherited as an autosomal dominant disorder
    -The defective gene is located in the short arm of chromosome 4 and encodes for the protein huntingtin
    -The gene includes multiple tandem repeats of the trinucleotide CAG encoding glutamine
  2. Striatum:
    1. Caudate
    2. Putamen
  3. Movement disorders are clinically characterized as hypokinetic or ______ and they are produced by abnormalities of the basal ganglia or their connections
  4. Caudate nucleus
    Globus Pallidus
    Subthalamic nucleus
    Substantia nigra
    Nucleus accumbens
  1. a hyperkinetic
  2. b Basal Ganglia Components
  3. c Nuclei of the Basal Ganglia that receive the main input from the cerebral cortex
  4. d Huntington's Disease

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Resting tremor
  2. Parkinson's Disease
  3. Dystonia
  4. Nuclei of the basal ganglia that provide the output information
  5. Parkinson's Disease

5 True/False questions

  1. Increased resistance to passive movements of the limbsHypokinesia


  2. -Control the initiation of movement
    -Control the smooth transition between 2 consecutive movements
    Basal Ganglia Function


  3. decreased amplitude of movementBradykinesia


  4. Rotatory, large-amplitude limb movementsHypokinesia


  5. -Abnormal movements of the proximal limb muscles
    -The amplitude of the movement is larger than in choreic movements
    -It is most common due to a lacunar infarct of the contralateral subthalamic nucleus
    -Other causes are hemorrhages, tumors, and inflammatory diseases