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22 terms

Neurological Assessment

These are based on the objectives put forth in Dr. Gilliam's slides.
STUDY
PLAY
Repetitive vibratory movements,
very brisk, hyperactive, indicative of
disease
clonus
The extrapyramidal system is located in the
basal ganglia
Testing the deep tendon reflexes gives the examiner information regarding the intactness of the
reflex arc at specific levels in the spinal cord.
An abnormal sensation of burning or tingling is best described as
paresthesia
Automatic associated movements of the body are under the control and regulation of:
basal ganglia
Term used to describe involuntary muscle movements
Athetosis
Clonus that may be seen when testing deep tendon reflexes is characterized by
set of rapid, rhythmic contractions of the same muscle.
The presence of primitive reflexes in a newborn infant is indicative of
immaturity of the nervous system.
Cerebellar function is tested by
performance of rapid alternating movements.
The _____________ coordinates movement, maintains equilibrium, and helps maintain posture
cerebellum
During the assessment of extraocular movements, two back-and-forth oscillations of the eyes in the extreme lateral gaze occurs. This response indicates
an expected movement of the eyes during this procedure.
The abdominal reflex is an example of a _________ reflex
superficial
An area of the body that is supplied mainly from one spinal segment through a particular spinal nerve is identified as a:
dermatome
Three nervous system divisions
Central, Peripheral, Autonomic
Developmental Stage, culture, stress, medications, illness, lifestyle, personality are all components of what part of the neurological assessment?
Sensory
Background information
age, education level, occupation, dominant hand
Inappropriate response to question;
decreased attention span and memory
confusion
Drowsy, falls asleep quickly; once
aroused, responds appropriately
Lethargy
Confusion with disordered perceptions
and decreased attention span;
inappropriate reactions to stimuli
Delirium
Arousable for short periods; simple
motor or moaning responses; slow
Stupor
Neither awake nor aware; posturing
Coma
Levels of conciousness
Alert, lethargic, obtunded, stupor, comatose