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64 terms

Literary Terms

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alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
climax
the highest point or turning point in the action of the story
essay
a piece of factual writing on a single topic
fiction
imaginative works of prose, including short stories and novels
irony
a contrast between what is expected and what actually happens
mood
a feeling the writing/literature conveys to the readers
plot
series of events that make-up the action of a story
rising action
central part of a story during which several problems arise
setting
the time and place of the action of the story
theme
the message or central idea of the story
develop
elaborate or expand
allusion
a reference to a work of literature or to a person, place, or event
outside of literature with which the reader is expected to be familiar
analogy
example: Chapter is to book as month is to year
autobiography
a story of a person's life written by that person
conflict
struggle between opposing forces (man vs man)
dialogue
written conversation between two or more characters
drama
literature in play form
imagery
writing that paints a colorful picture by using many adjectives
metaphor
compares two things without using like or as (The plane was a
ribbon in the sky.)
onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sound such as "bow-wow"
personification
human qualities given to an object, an animal, or an idea
interpret
explain the meaning
antagonist
a person or thing working against the main character
antonym
words that are opposites of one another
flashback
when an author goes back to an earlier time in the story
foreshadowing
when a writer provides hints that suggest future events in a story
homonym
words that sound the same such as hear and hear
motivation
the reason why a character acts, feels, or thinks a certain way
novel
a work of fiction that is longer and more complex than a short story
short story
a brief work of fiction that can be read in one sitting
symbol
a real object used to present an idea (dove=peace)
tone
the attitude a writer takes toward a subject (serious, humorous)
paraphrase
put in different words
anecdote
a brief account of an incident that is made to entertain or make a point
characterization
all the techniques a writer uses to create characters
context clues
hints or suggestions that help clarify the meaning of the word
genre
a type or category of literature
protagonist
the central character of a story often called the hero
prose
most writing that is not poetry, drama, or song
simile
comparison between two things using the words "like" or "as"
synonym
words that mean the same (courage and bravery)
tragedy
literature which includes disastrous events for the hero
voice
an author's distinctive style or manner of expression.
infer
Deduce; conclude
claim
an arguable statement
point of view
the angle from which a story is told
connections
relating what you read to something else you know
stanza
a poetry term for paragraph; a section of a poem
hyperbole
a figure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated
idiom
a figure of speech such as "to let the cat out of the bag"
inference
An idea or conclusion that is drawn from evidence and reasoning
exposition
the early part of the story that sets tone, setting, and characters
details
facts that support ideas
analyze
break something down into its parts
structures
organization of a text
literacy devices
the devices a writer uses to develop style and convey meaning.
chronological
Arranged in order of time of occurrence
theme
the message or central idea of the story
unbiased
Disinterested
structure
organization of a text
synonym
A word that means the same as another word
source
A book, article, person, or other resource consulted for information
summarize
give the main point or idea
illusion
(n.) a false idea; something that one seems to see or to be aware that really does not exist