Chapter 17 History vocab Austin Hunt
Terms in this set (30)
A system of justice derived from nature instead of from rules of society.
English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right of Kings and who asserted that people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property.
agreement for people to secure their rights by creating a government and abiding by its rules.
Life, Liberty, and Property
People who thought reason could lead reforms of government, law, and society.
wrote 'Spirit of the Laws' believed no single set of political laws was acceptable to everyone. depended on relationship and variables.He also supported division of government
French philosopher. He believed that freedom of speech was the best weapon against a government.
Published his Encyclopedia. Believed it would help people think more critical
Believed that society threatened natural rights and freedoms. Wrote "The Social Contract."
The government should be a small role in economic affairs
Scottish Philosopher who wrote "Wealth of Nations".Believed in laissez-faire.not completely against govt regulation
restricting access to ideas and information
or informal social gatherings at which philosophers exchanged ideas
Greek and Roman tradition or in a grand ornate style
style created by the architects and desighners
absolute rulers who used their power to bring about political and social change
Frederick the Great
had tight control over his subjects during his reign as king of Prussia
Catherine the Great
empress of Russia who exchanged letters with Voltaire and Diderot
tried to enlightenment by moving to people and talking about there problems to get them worked out
tried to bring back royal power
imposed taxes on items such as newspapers and pamplets
political and social leader from the colonies
principal author of the DOI
government power comes from the people
where George Washington made British army surrender
Treaty of Paris
treaty that ended the war
known as the Father of the Constitution
American enlightenment figure who was a scientist and inventor
divided power between the federal, or national , government and the states