Dimensions of Human Behavior Chapter 4
Dimensions of Human Behavior Person and Environment, 4th Edition - Hutchinson
Terms in this set (30)
The process of altering a schema when a new situation cannot be incorporated with an existing schema.
The physiological manifestation of a feeling.
In cognitive theory, the incorporation of new experiences into an existing schema.
A theory of emotional behavior that asserts that the experience of emotion is based on conscious evaluations people make about their physiological sensations in particular social settings.
Conscious thinking processes; mental activities of which the individual is fully aware. These processes include taking in information from the environment, synthesizing that information, and formulating plans of action based on that synthesis.
The influence of thinking between the occurrence of a stimulus and one's response to the stimulus.
Use of abstract thoughts and ideas that are not tied to sensory and motor information.
In Kohlberg's theory of moral development, a stage in which moral decisions are based on adherence to social rules.
differential emotions theory
A theory that asserts that emotions originate in our neurophysiology and that our personalities are organized around our affective biases.
A mental structure of personality that is responsible for negotiating between internal needs of the individual and the outside world.
A theory of human behavior and clinical practice that views activities of the ego as the primary determinants of behavior.
A feeling state characterized by own's appraisal of stimulus, changesin bodily sensations, and epressive gestures.
A person's ability to process imformation about emotions accuratly and effectively, and consequently to regulate emotions in an optimal manner
information processing theory
A sensory theory of congition that sees information as flowing from the external world through the senses to the nervious system, where it is code
A feeling disposition that, in contrast to an emotion, is more chronic, less intense, and less tied to a situation
The eight distinct biopsychosocial potentials, as identified by Howard Gardner, with which people process information that can be activated in cultural settings to solve problems or create products that are of value in the culture
A therory that all of us are engaged in an ongoing process of constructing a life story .
in Kohlberg's theory of development, in stage in which moral decisions are based on moral principles that transend those of one's own society
Mental activity that is outside of awareness but can be brought into awareness with prompting
in Kohlberg's theory of development, in stage in which moral decisions are made on the basis of avoiding punishment and receiving rewards.
Emotions that developed as specific reactions and signals with survival
value for the human species. They serve to mobilize an individual, focus attention, and signal one's state of mind to others; examples include anger, fear, sadness, joy, and anticipation
A theory of human behavior and clinical intervention that assumes the primacy of internal drives and unconscious mental activity in determining human behavior
The study of the mind and mental processes
An internalized representation of the world, including systematic patterns of thought, action, and problem solving
Emotions that are socially acquired. They evolved as humans developed more sophisticated means of learning, controlling, and managing emotions to promote flexible cohesion in social groups. Examples include envy, jealousy, anxiety, guilt, shame, relief, hope,
An essence of who we are that is more or less enduring
A theory, based in psychoanalytic theory, that conceives of the self as experienced cohesion through action and reflection
A theory that stresses that we develp a sence of meaning on the world through interation with our physical and social environments and interpritations of symbols
belief that mind and body act on each other
Mental activities of which one is not aware but that influence behavior