Terms in this set (43)
What was the reason for attempting to establish Roanoke Island?
It was an economic venture (a business risk) for England.
What was Roanoke also known as?
The Lost Colony
What was significant about Jamestown?
It was the first permanent settlement in North America.
When, why, and who established Jamestown?
1607 as an economic venture for England by the Virginia Company
Who settled the colony of Plymouth and why?
It was settled by separatists (Pilgrims) who wanted to separate from the Church of England and avoid religious persecution.
Who settled Massachusetts Bay Colony and why?
It was settled by Puritans who also wanted to avoid religious persecution
.Who established Pennsylvania and why?
The Quakers, under the leadership of William Penn, settled there for the reason of religious freedom so they could practice their faith without interference.
What group of people settled in Georgia and why?
It was settled by Lord Oglethorpe and those who had been in debtor's prison in England for economic freedom in the new world.
a.What shaped life in the colonies?
b.What is interdependence?
b.Two or more people depending on each other for goods and services
c.What caused the colonies to be interdependent (and define it)?
c. Economic specialization----focusing on one or a few products
d.What are the 3 types of resources?
d. Natural, capital, and human
(NOTE: be able to identify Colonial Regions and their features on a map)
What were the resources of New England colonies?
Natural-timber, fish, deep harbors
Human-skilled craftsmen, shopkeepers, shipbuilders
Capital-tool and buildings
Describe New England's geography:
Appalachians Mountains, Boston Harbor, hilly terrain, rocky soil, jagged coastline
Describe New England's climate:
moderate summers, cold winters
What was the economic specialization of New England?
Fishing, shipbuilding, naval supplies, metal tools and equipment
What was the social life of New England?
Villages and churches were the center of life; many religious reformers and separatists lived in this region
What was the civic/political life of New England?
What were the resources of the Mid-Atlantic colonies?
Natural-rich farmlands and rivers
Human-unskilled and skilled workers, fishermen
Capital-tools and buildings
Describe the geography of the Mid-Atlantic colonies:
Appalachian Mountains, coastal lowlands, harbors, bays, wide and deep rivers
Describe the climate of the Mid-Atlantic region:
Mild winters and moderate climate
What was the economic specialization of the Mid-Atlantic colonies?
Livestock, grains, and fish
What was the social life of the Mid-Atlantic region?
Village and cities, varied and diverse lifestyles, diverse religions
What was the civic/political life of the Mid-Atlantic?
What were the resources of the Southern colonies?
Natural-fertile farmlands, rivers, harbors
Human-farmers, enslaved African Americans
Capital-tools and buildings
Describe the geography of the Southern colonies:
Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont, Atlantic Coastal Plain, good harbors, rivers
Describe the climate of the Southern colonies:
Humid climate with mild winters and hot summers
What was the economic specialization of the Southern colonies?
Tobacco, rice, cotton, indigo, forest products (such as lumber, tar, pitch)
What was the social life of the Southern colonies?
Plantations (slavery), mansions, indentured servants, fewer cities, fewer schools, Church of England
What was the civic/political life of the Southern colonies?
What are some examples of economic interdependence of New England?
The New England colonies depended on the Southern colonies for crops such as tobacco, rice, cotton, and indigo, and for forest products such as lumber, tar, and pitch. They depended on the Mid-Atlantic colonies for livestock and grains.
What are some examples of economic interdependence of the Mid-Atlantic?
The Mid-Atlantic colonies traded with the Southern and New England colonies to get the products they did not produce. The Mid-Atlantic colonies depended on the Southern colonies for tobacco, rice, cotton, indigo, and forest products. They traded with the New England colonies for metal tools and equipment.
What are some examples of economic interdependence of the Southern colonies?
The Southern colonies depended on the New England colonies for manufactured goods, including metal tools and equipment. They depended on the Mid-Atlantic colonies for grains and other agricultural products not plentiful in the South.
Describe the large landowners:
Lived predominately in the south, relied on indentured servants and/or enslaved African Americans, were educated in some cases, and had a rich social culture
Describe farmers (those who did not own plantations):
They worked the land according to the region, relied on family members for labor.
Worked as craftsmen on towns and plantations, lived in both small villages and cities
Caretakers, house-workers, homemakers, could not vote, had few chances for an education
Describe Indentured Servants:
They were men and women who did not have money for passage to the colonies and who agreed to work without pay for the person who paid for their passage. They were free at the end of their contract.
Describe Free African Americans:
They were able to own land. They had economic freedom and could work for pay and decide how to spend their money. They were not allowed to vote.
Describe Enslaved African Americans:
They were captured in their native Africa and sold to slave traders who shipped them to the colonies where they were sold into slavery. They were owned as property for life without any rights. Children of enslaved African Americans were born into slavery.
When does England become Great Britain?
In the early 1700s
How did Great Britain impose economic control over the colonies?
Great Britain imposed strict control over trade in the colonies. Great Britain taxed the colonies after the French and Indian War. The colonies traded raw materials for good made in Great Britain.
How did Great Britain impose political control over the colonies?
Colonists had to obey British laws, which were enforced by governors who were appointed by the king or the proprietor. A colonial legislature made laws for each colony but was monitored by the colonial governor.