Adventitious Breath Sound
Abnormal sound, including sibilant wheezes, sonorous wheezes, fine and course crackles, pleural friction rubs, and stridor
Loud, high-pitched, hollow-sounding breath sound normally heard over the sternum, longer on expiration than inspiration
Breath sound normally heard in the area of the scapula and near the sternum; medium in pitched blowing sound with inspiratory and expiratory phases of equal length.
Process by where the center of the primary tubercle formed in the lungs as a result of tuberculosis becomes soft and cheese-like due to decreased perfusion
.Process by whereby a cavity is created in the lung tissue through the liquefication and rupture of a primary tubercle
.Process whereby a substance moves from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
A collection of pus in the space between the lung and the inner surface of the chest wall (pleural space).
Death and subsequent change of tissue to a liquid or semi-liquid state; often descriptive of a primary tubercle
lung stretch receptor
Receptor that monitors the patterns of breathing and prevents overexpansion of the lungs
pleural friction rub
Abnormal breath sound that is creaky and grating in nature and is heard on inspiration and expiration
Inflammation of the bronchioles and alveoli accompanied by consolidation, or solidification of exudate in drainage
Condition whereain air or gas accumulates in the pleural space of the lungs causing the lungs to collapse
Abnormal breath sound that is high pitched and musical in nature and is heard in inhalation and exhalation
sonorous wheeze (rhonchi)
Abnormal breath sound that is low pitched and snoring in nature and is louder on expiration
Phospholipids that are present in the lunges and lower surface tension to prevent collapse of the airways
Heard over the majority of the lung. Soft, breezy low-pitched sound heard longer on inspirtation than expiration resulting from air moving through the smaller airways over the lung periphery, with the exception of the scapular area
Discomfort or difficulty with breathing in any but an upright sitting or standing position
Abnormal respiratory pattern characterized by irregular periods of increased rate and depth of respiration; most often seen with diabetic ketoacidosis
Abnormal respiratory pattern characterized by irregular periods of apnea alternating with short periods of respiration of equal depth; most commonly seen with increased intracranial pressure.
Abnormal respiratory pattern characterized by initially slow, shallow respirations that increase in rapidity and depth and then gradually decrease until respiration stops for 10 to 60 seconds; pattern then repeats itself in the same manner.
Insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood possibly due to respiratory, cardiovascular or anemia related disorders
Bluish, grayish or purplish discoloration of the skin caused by abnormal amounts of reduced (oxygen-poor) hemoglobin in the blood; not always a reliable indicator of hypoxia
Cyanosis of the fingertips and toes; often caused by vasomotor disturbances associated with vasoconstriction