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tendones, ligaments, and the deeper portion of the skin

Collagenous fibers are very abundant in


Mesoderm gives a rise to muscle, bone, and blood

simple columnar

An epithelium with all cells tall and narrow and with every cell touching the basement membrane is called

endocrine glands, hormones, the blood

____ secrete _____ into _____


The secretory product of a gland is produced by its parenchyma, not its stroma

tight junctions

In the intestine, ____ ensure(s) that most digested nutrients pass through the epithelial cells and not between them

blood; transport nutrients to the tissues

____ is found in the heart, and one of its functions is to ___

mucous membran (mucosa)

This membrane lines passageways that open to the exterior environment

compound acinar

___ glands have branched ducts and secretory cells that form sacs at one end of the ducts


The clear gel that usually surrounds cells is called interstitial fluid


After six months of lifting weights at the gym you notice that some of your muscles have increased in size. This increase in size is due to ___ of the muscle cells.


Scar tissue helps to hold an organ together but does not restore normal function of the damaged tissue


___ cells in simple columnar and pseudo stratified columnar epithelia produce protective mucous coatings over the mucous membranes

simple cuboidal epithelium

Most kidney tubules are made of this tissue specialized for absorption and secretion

epithelium and lamina propria

The membrane that lines digestive, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive tracts consists of


Th four primary tissue types found in adult organs include all of the following except


In an epithelium, there is almost no extracellular matrix


Nervous tissue consists predominantly of two cell types, neurons and


All these substances account for the gelatinous consistency of connective tissue ground substance except

elastic cartilage

The shape of a person's external ear is given by

hyperextensible joints

Marfan syndrom is a hereditary defect in elastin fibers. People with this syndrome have

phagocytize and digest tissue debris

Macrophages ___ in the healing of a skin wound

mucous, serous

___ glands secrete mucin, which combines with water to form a thick and sticky product, whereas ___ glands produce a relatively water fluid.

muscular and nervous, excitable

__ tissues respond quickly to outside stimuli by means of changes in membrane potential, thus they are called ___ tissues

a calcified matrix

These are features that fibrous connective tissues have in common except

adipose tissue

New triglycerides are constantly synthesized and stored and others are hydrolyzed and released into circulation mostly from cells in

chondroblasts, fibroblasts

__ secrete the rubbery matrix of cartilage, whereas __ produce the fibers and ground substance that form the matrix of fibrous connective tissue

hyaline cartilage

These are all types of fibrous connective tissues except

dense regular and dense irregular connective tissues

Fibroblasts and protein firers are associated with both


Smooth and cardiac muscles are under involuntary control

complex of macromolecules, part of a cell, entire cell

A connective tissue fiber refers to a(n) ___, a nerve fiber refers to a(n) ___, and a muscle fier refers to a(n) ___.

simple squamous, stratified squamous

__ epithelium is associated with rapid transport of substances through a membrane, whereas __ epithelium is associated with resistance to abrasion


Fibrocartilage is found in intervertebral discs

epithelium and connective tissue

The basement membrane is found between

epithelial tissue

___ lines body cavities, covers the body surface, and forms the lining of many organs

interstitial fluid is so scarce that it is not visible with a light microscope

These features are common to all connective tissues except


It is normal for breasts to shrink after lactation ceases. This is a consequence of __ in human breast cells.

areolar, cartilage

__ tissue is highly vascular, whereas

histological section

A thin, stained slice of tissue mounted on a microscope is called a

stratified squamous, stratified columnar

__ epithelium is the most widespread epithelium in the body, whereas __ epithelium is rare

merocrine, holocrine

___ glands (such as tear glands) have vesicles that release their secretion by exocytosis, whereas ___ glands (such as oil-producing glands) secrete a mixture of disintegrated cells and their products


The replacement of damaged tissue with scar tissue is called

areolar tissue

___ exhibits a lot of apparently empty space, and is found in many serous membranes

simpel squamous

___ epithelium allos for rapid diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide through the air sacs (alveoli) of the lungs

pseudostratified columnar

All cells in this tissue reach the basement membrane and only cells that reach the free surface have cilia

simple columnar, small intestine

A brush border of microvilli belongs to ___ epithelium found in the ___

striated and voluntary

Skeletal muscle is described as

transitional, stratified squamous

___ epithelium found in the bladder resembles ___ epithelium, but the apical cells are rounded, not flattened

smooth muscle produces waves of contractions that propel material through the digestive tract

Astronauts in zero gravity are able to move food through their digestive tracts because


Columnar cells lining the small intestine show a brush border of microvilli on the apical surface

nonkeratinized, vagina

__ epithelium provides a moist and slippery surface and is well suited to resist stress, as in the ___

stratum corneum

This layer of the epidermis consists of up to 30 layers of dead cells


These are all types of cells found in the epidermis except: melanocytes, fibroblasts, stem cells, keratinocytes, tactile (Merkel) cells


A __ is an elevated patch of melanized skin

the hypodermis

The skin does not include


Skin covering the ___ has sweat glands but no hair follicles or sebaceous (oil) glands.


Calluses or corns are the result of accelerated multiplication of


Melanin, hemoglobin, and carotene give color to the skin


Bliirubin causes a skin discoloration called


__ is/are formed partly from the secretions of glands in the external ear canal

apocrine, breasts

Mammary glands are modified __ glands that develop with the female breast, whereas __ are present in both sexes


The least common but most deadly type of skin cancer is

hairs to stand on end with no apparent function

The contraction of the piloerector muscles (pilomotor muscle or arrestor pili) in humans causes

adipose tissue

The hypodermis usually has an abundance of this tissue

tactile (Merkel) cells

Which of the following are associated with the sense of touch

merocrine glands

The cutaneous glands concerned with cooling the body are

dendritic (Landerhans) cells

These cells stand guard against toxins, microbes and other pathogens

stratum basale

The fastest rate of mitosis happens in the


__ burns involve the epidermis, all of the dermis, and often some deeper tissue


The skin carries out the first step in the synthesis of vitamin D

dermal papillae

Fingerprints left on things we touch are associated with

stratum lucidum

The __ is only present in thick skin


Albinism is the genetic lack of melanin that results in a milkly white coloration of the skin


The reddish color of the skin of the lips is primarily due to this pigment

quantity of melanin produced

Ethnic differences in skin color are primarily caused by differences in


The oil of your scalp is secreted by __ glands associated with the hair follicles

merocrine sweat

Secretions from ___ glands contribute to the acid mantle that inhibits bacterial growth on the skin


Which one of the following bone cells would have the creates number of lysosomes?

hydroxyapatite and other minerals, proteins

__ provide(s) hardness to bones, whereas __ pro dies(s) some degree of flexibility


__ are bone forming cells


The __ is a marginal zone of the epiphyseal plate where, in children and adolescents, bone can be seen replacing the hyaline cartilage

periosteum, endosteum

A bone is covered externally with a sheath called ___, whereas the internal surface is lined with ___


Osseous tissue is a(an) __ tissue


Most blood cells are produced in the red marrow bones

parathyroid hormone, increased osteoclast activity

Blood Ca²⁺ deficiency stimulates __ secretion, which leads to ___.

rickets, osteomalacia

The result of calcium and phosphate levels in blood too low for normal deposition is softness of the bones called __ in children and ___ in adults.

DNA synthesis

Calcium plays an essential role in all of the following except

osteoblasts, osteocytes

When __ become enclosed in lacunae, they become cells called __.


__ is synthesized by the combined action of the skin, kidneys, and liver, and is important to the deposition of bone.

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