Create an account
An epithelium with all cells tall and narrow and with every cell touching the basement membrane is called
In the intestine, ____ ensure(s) that most digested nutrients pass through the epithelial cells and not between them
blood; transport nutrients to the tissues
____ is found in the heart, and one of its functions is to ___
___ glands have branched ducts and secretory cells that form sacs at one end of the ducts
After six months of lifting weights at the gym you notice that some of your muscles have increased in size. This increase in size is due to ___ of the muscle cells.
Scar tissue helps to hold an organ together but does not restore normal function of the damaged tissue
___ cells in simple columnar and pseudo stratified columnar epithelia produce protective mucous coatings over the mucous membranes
simple cuboidal epithelium
Most kidney tubules are made of this tissue specialized for absorption and secretion
epithelium and lamina propria
The membrane that lines digestive, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive tracts consists of
All these substances account for the gelatinous consistency of connective tissue ground substance except
Marfan syndrom is a hereditary defect in elastin fibers. People with this syndrome have
___ glands secrete mucin, which combines with water to form a thick and sticky product, whereas ___ glands produce a relatively water fluid.
muscular and nervous, excitable
__ tissues respond quickly to outside stimuli by means of changes in membrane potential, thus they are called ___ tissues
New triglycerides are constantly synthesized and stored and others are hydrolyzed and released into circulation mostly from cells in
__ secrete the rubbery matrix of cartilage, whereas __ produce the fibers and ground substance that form the matrix of fibrous connective tissue
dense regular and dense irregular connective tissues
Fibroblasts and protein firers are associated with both
complex of macromolecules, part of a cell, entire cell
A connective tissue fiber refers to a(n) ___, a nerve fiber refers to a(n) ___, and a muscle fier refers to a(n) ___.
simple squamous, stratified squamous
__ epithelium is associated with rapid transport of substances through a membrane, whereas __ epithelium is associated with resistance to abrasion
___ lines body cavities, covers the body surface, and forms the lining of many organs
interstitial fluid is so scarce that it is not visible with a light microscope
These features are common to all connective tissues except
It is normal for breasts to shrink after lactation ceases. This is a consequence of __ in human breast cells.
stratified squamous, stratified columnar
__ epithelium is the most widespread epithelium in the body, whereas __ epithelium is rare
___ glands (such as tear glands) have vesicles that release their secretion by exocytosis, whereas ___ glands (such as oil-producing glands) secrete a mixture of disintegrated cells and their products
___ epithelium allos for rapid diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide through the air sacs (alveoli) of the lungs
All cells in this tissue reach the basement membrane and only cells that reach the free surface have cilia
simple columnar, small intestine
A brush border of microvilli belongs to ___ epithelium found in the ___
transitional, stratified squamous
___ epithelium found in the bladder resembles ___ epithelium, but the apical cells are rounded, not flattened
smooth muscle produces waves of contractions that propel material through the digestive tract
Astronauts in zero gravity are able to move food through their digestive tracts because
Columnar cells lining the small intestine show a brush border of microvilli on the apical surface
__ epithelium provides a moist and slippery surface and is well suited to resist stress, as in the ___
These are all types of cells found in the epidermis except: melanocytes, fibroblasts, stem cells, keratinocytes, tactile (Merkel) cells
Mammary glands are modified __ glands that develop with the female breast, whereas __ are present in both sexes
hairs to stand on end with no apparent function
The contraction of the piloerector muscles (pilomotor muscle or arrestor pili) in humans causes
quantity of melanin produced
Ethnic differences in skin color are primarily caused by differences in
Secretions from ___ glands contribute to the acid mantle that inhibits bacterial growth on the skin
hydroxyapatite and other minerals, proteins
__ provide(s) hardness to bones, whereas __ pro dies(s) some degree of flexibility
The __ is a marginal zone of the epiphyseal plate where, in children and adolescents, bone can be seen replacing the hyaline cartilage
A bone is covered externally with a sheath called ___, whereas the internal surface is lined with ___
parathyroid hormone, increased osteoclast activity
Blood Ca²⁺ deficiency stimulates __ secretion, which leads to ___.
The result of calcium and phosphate levels in blood too low for normal deposition is softness of the bones called __ in children and ___ in adults.
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together