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The Mexican War
Terms in this set (21)
What is manifest destiny? Manifest destiny was tied to what issue in the 1800s?
Manifest destiny was an idea that the U.S. should settle all the land from Atlantic to Pacific and spread democracy. Manifest destiny was tied to slavery.
Describe the election of 1844. (candidates, winner, important facts)
Democratic Republican; James K. Polk
Whig Party; Henry Clay
Winner: James K. Polk
Important Facts: James Polk was the first dark-horse candidate, the issue was westward expansion of Texas and Oregon.
What did "Fifty four forty or fight!" mean?
Slogan used by American expansionists who wanted the U.S. Canadian border at this parallel.
How do you think people of other cultures and nations viewed the idea of manifest destiny?
Some viewed it as an arrogant position on the part of America, like the Monroe Doctrine, U.S. involvement in Iran/Iraq, Afghanistan. Some may have supported though.
Using the following dates, explain how the United States annexed Texas and Oregon: March 1845, June 1845, 1846, and 1848.
March 1845: Congress approves Texas annexation.
June 1845: Texas congress approves annexation.
1846: Treaty with Britain establishes U.S. Canadian border.
1848: Oregon becomes U.S. territory.
What served as the focus of everyday life in California during Spanish rule?
What happened to the missions after Mexico gained independence from Spain?
Mexico ended the mission system, and the mission land went to the wealthiest Californios, who created ranches.
Who were the Vaqueros? Who were the Californios?
Vaqueros: Cowboys who managed the large herds of cattle and sheep on the ranches.
Californios: Colonists who inhabited California territory in the 1820s.
Describe the events that lead the United States to declare war on Mexico.
a) Mexico claims its northern border, the Nuces River.
U.S. claimed the border was the Rio Grande.
b) James K. Polk sends Slidell to Mexico to buy New Mexico and California, but Mexico refused to see him.
c) General Zachary Taylor clashed with Mexican along the border.
d) Polk delivered news to Congress
e) Congress declares war on Mexico
What did the American public think of the war with Mexico?
Most Americans supported the war (many men signed up to fight). Whigs opposed (unjustified and avoidable). Abolitionists opposed (feared the spread of slavery)
Briefly describe the Bear Flag Revolt
During the Bear Flag Revolt, from June to July 1846, a small group of American settlers in California rebelled against the Mexican government and proclaimed California an independent republic. The republic was short-lived because soon after the Bear Flag was raised, the U.S. military began occupying California, which went on to join the union in 1850. The Bear Flag became the official state flag in 1911.
Who lead the U.S. forces to victory at the Battle of Buena Vista?
General Zachary Taylor
What nickname did the soldiers giver General Scott? Why?
General Winfield Scott, because of his strict military discipline.
Why do you think General Scott attacked Veracruz?
Veracruz was located on the coast, it was the strongest fortress in Mexico, and its defeat was needed to break Mexican resistance.
In chronological order, list the key battles of the Mexican-American War.
Sante Fe: August 1846
Buena Vista: February 1846
Cerro Gordo: March 1847
Mexico City: September 1847
What treaty resolved the war, and what did each side gain form that treaty?
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, The treaty called for Mexico to give up almost half of its territory, which included modern-day California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and parts of Colorado, Nevada, and Utah. In return, the U.S. paid $15 million and release from American claims of more than $3 million dollars.
For Mexicans, how did life under American rule differ from that was promised under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?
The treaty promised that Mexican's liberties and property would be secured, but in reality Mexicans and Mexican Americans faced discrimination and loss of land.
What were the terms of the Gasden Purchase?
The U.S. would have to pay Mexico $10 million, and the U.S. would receive southern parts of what are now Arizona and New Mexico.
List conflicts that occurred between the different groups living in the American Southwest.
a) Desire to control valuable resources.
b) Different laws and views regarding property and water rights.
c) Lack of respect for Native Americans .
How did different cultures shape one another in the American Southwest?
a) In settlements with large Mexican populations, laws were printed in Spanish and English
b) Places such as San Antonio, San Diego show Hispanic heritage
c) Celebration of Mexican American holidays
d) Cultural sharing of skills
e) Knowledge and traditions
What was Brigham Young's view of water rights? Do you agree or disagree?
In any dispute over water use, the good of the community would outweigh the interests of the individuals. (consider the dry climate of the west)
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