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Middle Ages Vocabulary

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Middle Ages
Time in Europes History betwwen Fall of Rome and the beginning of Modern Times:Called Dark Ages or Medieval Ages; *Caused by Fall Of Rome
Feudalism
Orginized power and goverment in Europe; First used by Charlemagne; Giving land in return for protection
Catholic Church
gLued together during Middle Ages; Center of life and learning during Middle Ages;Made laws,set up courts,collected taxes; Maintained Hospitals,schools,orphanages,and poorhouses
King
monarch; at the head of the feudal system
lord
landownwer:kings vassal;> jobs: Protected land and vassals;made local laws;,acted as judge,decided when to go to war
Lady
Lord's Wife: Jobs. manage household, cared for children,supervised traing of pages
fief
land grant;also called a feud
vassal
man who recived a fief and pledged loyalty and protection to his lord;paid taxes to lord> 1. paid for cost of war 2. paid ransom if lord or his family was kidnapped 3.paid for lords 1st son to be knighted 4. paid for marriage of lords eldest daughter
knight
mounted soldier;could also be a vassal
tenant
rented land from the lord;paid rent by working in the lords fields, or giving a portion of crops to the lord
serf
peasents who worked on the lords manor; belonged to the land and could no move from manor. jobs: worked on fields and in manor house,made clothing,tools,grinding grain,repairs,construction> win freedom by 1. escaping and staying free for a year and a day< 2. prospering and buying freedom<3. performing a brave deed-freed to study religion and enter into the service of The Church
Manor
lords home; a large estate that was SELF-SUFFICIENT
Lord's home
house or castle
fields
belonged to the lord < divided into 3 parts> grew wheat, barley, and oats> each year 1 left fallow
Fallow
not used
forest
hunting
Church
worship place for all
rectory
home of priest
windmill
used to grind grain
pasture
cows,sheep,pigs
serfs' huts
built in a cluster
tenant's land
rented from lord
village
craftsmen: butcher. baker, tailor, cobbler, blacksmith etc.
Reeve
in charge of farming on the manor
Bailiff
managed manor; made sure work was done
Steward
kept track of money
castle
landownwer:kings vassal;> jobs: Protected land and vassals;made local laws;,acted as judge,decided when to go to war
Motte
steep hill that castle was built on
Battlement
outer walls
rampart
ledges near top of battlement for soldiers to walk and stand on
Merlon
high part of top battlement
crenel
Lower part
Keep
part of castle where lord and his family lived; also called a dungeon
Tapestry
hung on wall in winter to keep chill out
Great Hall
largest room that served as banquet room, office,playroom,dormitory
Solar
part of great room that faced sun
Armory
held weapons
moat
trench filled with water that surrounded battlements
Gatehouse
entrance to castle
drawbridge
raised and lowered over the moat
Portcullis
large grill door at caslte entrance
tower
located at corners or battlements
flag
flown from towers; crest represented
Bailey
courtyard inside battlements