reauthorized EHA, changed term handicapped to disability, expanded related services, & required IEP's to contain transitional goals and objectives for students 16 and up
IDEA 1997 reauthorization
participation of students w/ disabilities in statewide assessments, changes to IEP w/ emphasis on students participating in gen. ed., guarantee that no student w/ disability is deprived of education because of behavior
No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) 2002
addresses accountability for student achievement, every student demonstrate proficiency in reading, math, science
added new requirement for special education teachers on secondary level be highly qualified, assistive technology was devices amended to exclude devices surgically implanted (cochlear implants)
what must be provided in a written notice to parents when proposing educational placement?
a list of parental due process safeguards
zero reject requires?
IEP present levels address?
academic achievement & functional performance
developmental disabilities include?
congenital conditions (spinal bifida, deafness, blindness, profound intellectual disabilities) & children who contract diseases (polo, meningitis)
teacher might use a formal test to?
compare student progress w/ peers of same age or grade level on a national basis
best measure of a student's functional capabilities & entry level skills are?
acculturation refers to an individuals?
introduction of a new skill
continued practice of a new skill
practice under supervision to achieve accuracy & speed
application of new skill in new settings & situations
study of significant units of speech sounds
study of smallest unit of language that CONVEY meaning
system of rules for making grammatically-correst sentences
study of relationships between words & grammatical forms in a language & their underlying meaning
developmental disability significantly affecting verbal & non-verbal communication & social interaction
a) inability to learn not explained by intellectual, sensory, health factors. B) inability to build or maintain interpersonal relationships C) inappropriate behavior D) general unhappiness or depression E) tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated w/ school or personal problems
specific learning disability
disorder of one or more of basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in language
standardized tests w/ only one correct answer
less objective measures & can use observations...
establish a ranking and compare student's performance an established norm (age or grade)
measures a student's knowledge of specific content
authentic or performance-based assessments
are designed to be as close to real-life as possible
rating scales & checklists
self-apparisal instruments completed by student or parents
momentary time sampling
used for measuring behaviors of a group of students or several behaviors from the same student
used to measure effectiveness of intervention
1. present level of academic & functional performance 2. annual goals 3.notification of progress to parents 4. modifications or accommodations in statewide assessments 5.post school activities & related services 6. projected dates for services 7. LRE 8. Transition needs for students 14 and up 9. Statement of responsibilities (who is responsible for)
don't understand phoneme / letter correspondence, memorize visual features (word stop in stop sign)
can name some letters and can apply different sounds to many consonants but cannot handle vowel sounds well and don't recognize common spelling patterns
good understanding of connection between graphemes and phonemes, can decode letter by letter and spell phonetically.
tend to see words as whole units and use decoding skills in unison to decode unfamiliar words
decoding is automatic and word-level reading predominates
what legislator started FAPE?
ability to supply specific instructional materials, programs, and methods on a regular basis in a regular ed classroom
two or more problem behaviors across different areas of functioning
fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement
after every third correct response in a row, produces a steady efficient production of responses for reinforcement
forms a strong relationship between behavior and reinforcement, best for establishing a new habit
fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement
produces a high steady rate of responding to solidify new habits
use when behavior is established and only needs minimum reward for maintenance
usually intangible reinforcers ( teacher feedback, task completion, sense of pride over mastery)
tangible rewards from external source ( token reinforcers, social approval, pencils, stickers)
process of combining morphemes into meaningful words