APUSH Chapter 9
Terms in this set (14)
Society of the Cincinnati (1783)
An exclusive military order formed by Continental Army officers; many resented the pretentiousness of the order.
"Great Compromise" (1787)
Popular term for the measure, which reconciled the New Jersey and Virginia plans at the constitutional convention, giving states proportional representation in the House and equal representation in the Senate. The compromise broke the stalemate at the convention and paved the way for subsequent compromises over slavery and the Electoral College.
The body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president.
Land Ordinance of 1785
Provided for the sale of land in the Old Northwest and earmarked the proceeds toward repaying the national debt.
"Three-fifths Compromise" (1787)
Determined that each slave would be counted as three-fifths of a person for the purpose of apportioning taxes and representation. The compromise granted disproportionate political power to Southern slave states.
A captain who led a rebellion to demand cheap paper money, lighter taxes, and a suspension of mortgage foreclosures in Massachusetts.
Shays's Rebellion (1786)
Armed uprising of western Massachusetts debtors seeking lower taxes and an end to property foreclosures. Though quickly put down, the insurrection inspired fears of "mob rule" among leading Revolutionaries.
Northwest Ordinance (1787)
Created a policy for administering the Northwest Territories. It included a path to statehood and forbade the expansion of slavery into the territories.
Constitution of the United States
Ratified by the original thirteen states, the foundation of our country's national government; was drafted in Philadelphia in 1787; establishes a government with direct authority over all citizens, it defines the powers of the national government, and it establishes protection for the rights of states and of every individual.
The Federalist (1788)
Collection of essays written by John Jay, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton and published during the ratification debate in New York to lay out the Federalists' arguments in favor of the new Constitution. Since their publication, these influential essays have served as an important source for constitutional interpretation.
Proposed by Virginia, representation should be in a bicameral Congress based on population.
"Bundle of Compromises"
This referred to the fact that the Constitution was trying to please everybody.
Author of the Declaration of Independence, third president of the United States, and founder of the University of Virginia.
Wife of John Adams. During the Revolutionary War, she wrote letters to her husband describing life on the home-front. She urged her husband to remember America's women in the new government he was helping to create.