Chapter 13-15 AP World History Study Guides
Terms in this set (127)
An advantage of Mongol rule was that
It promoted the spread of ideas and movement of people in Eurasia
Greek historian Herodotus portrayed steppe nomads as
Superb horsemen, herdsmen, and hunters
The Mongol leader, the khan,
Had his decisions ratified by a council
What was the rule of Mongol women in politics?
Women from prestigious families were often powerful in negotiation and management
The religion of the Central Asian steppe nomads was
A diverse mixture of various religions
What metal was crucially important to the Central Asian nomads?
The first Mongol conquests under Genghis Khan were in
Which was NOT one of the techniques employed by the Mongols to defeat the armies they faced?
Why did the Mongols refrain from attacking Central Europe in 1241?
The death of the Great Khan
Narratives such as Marco Polo's created a European
Ambition to find easier routes to Asia
The Mongol expansion
Created a flow of disease via the trade routes
The conflict between the Il-khan and the Golden Horde originated in
In 1295, the Il-khan leader Ghazan converted to which religion?
Tax farming is
The sale of tax-collecting contracts to small corporations.
Who was Juvaini?
The first to write the history of the Mongols
Why was there a cultural flowering in Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia under the Timurids?
Iran and China shared artistic trends and political ideas.
Who attempted to write the first world history?
Islamic mathematician Nasir al-Din strongly influenced
The Timurids supported the advancement of astronomical observation, particularly the discovery of
How did Mongol control impact Russia's Orthodox Church?
They were granted great privileges
Which city became Russia's dominant political center under the Mongols?
Mongol rule of Russia was overthrown by
As in Anatolia and the states of Eastern Europe, the Teutonic Knights fought
The Mongol armies often consisted of
A multinational force with Mongol leaders
Which of the following did the Europeans NOT learn from the Mongols?
In 1453, the Ottomans conquered which important city?
The Mongols were influenced by religious leaders from
Why didn't China as we think of it exist before the Mongols?
The Mongols reunited China permanently
The Yuan tax administration relied on
Persian, Arab, and Uighur administrators
Much to the distress of the Confucians, the Mongols elevated the status of
To solve the problem of credit, the Mongols provided
Paper money and copper coins
One impact of the cities under Mongol rule was
The increasing influence of Mandarin
Which of the following is NOT one of the aspects of Mongol rule that created hardship and a sharp population decrease?
Their insistence that the Chinese practice agriculture rather than trade
The Mongols encouraged the sharing and exchange of all of the following EXCEPT
In 1368, the Yuan Empire was overthrown and replaced by the
To demonstrate their rejection of the Mongols, the Ming emperor
Severed relations with the Middle East and Asia and closed the borders to foreigners
The Emperor Yongle improved the imperial complex built by the Mongols called the
The Emperor Yongle restored commercial links with the Middle East by
Exploring maritime connections and encouraging the voyages of Zheng He
Zheng He's primary accomplishment was
Acquiring Ming tributary states
Why didn't Ming China develop seafaring for commercial and military gain?
The Mongol threat from the north took priority over seafaring.
The Chinese rigorously censored information because they
Feared technology transfer
Water Margin and Romance of the Three Kingdoms are examples of
The Ming produced one of the most prized commercial products of Eurasia,
Which of the following are NOT among the influences that the Mongols had on Korea?
They taught the Koreans to sail and build ships.
The relationship between the leading family in Korea, the Koryo family, and the Mongols was
The Koryo family became loyal and attached to the Mongols
Although the Yi kingdom publicly rejected the Mongols, they
Adopted Mongol administrative practices and institutions
The rise in literacy in Korea resulted from
The improved printing system and the han'gul writing system
Unlike in Ming China, the development of agriculture in the Yi Kingdom was based on what cash crop?
What military techniques or innovations made the Yi military a formidable defensive force?
Cannon with gunpowder driven arrow launchers
What prevented the Mongols from invading Japan?
A storm preventing them from establishing a base
How did the threat of Mongol invasion affect Japan?
The Japanese govts spent a lot of time building coastal defenses, hoping to consolidate the warrior class
Wind of the gods
The ancestor of modern Vietnam was formed when Annam
What well traveled Muslim scholar left a journal that has become a valuable historical source?
The tropics are warm year-round. The center of the tropical zone is marked by the
The rainy and dry seasons in the Indian Ocean reflect the influence of
Human migrations spread many useful plants and animals by 1200, these include
Bananas, yams, and coffee
The form of extensive agriculture used in Sub-Saharan Africa is called
To accommodate the uneven distribution of rainfall, South Indian farmers
Constructed elaborate irrigation canals
The most abundant metal worked in the tropics was
Africa exported large quantities of what mineral across the Sahara, the Red Sea, and the Indian Ocean?
The empire of Mali in West Africa and Delhi in Southern Asia both utilized
The spread of Islam to lands south of the Sahara came about through
A gradual and peaceful process of conversion
In contrast to the kingdom of Ghana that preceded it which of the following CANNOT be said about Mali? It
Mansa Kankan Musa made a famous pilgrimage that
Served to demonstrate the enormous wealth of his country
In addition to fulfilling his personal religious obligations, Mansa Musa's pilgrimage resulted in
Construction of new mosques and Quranic schools in Mali
The Turkish invaders successfully invaded India due to
The division of India into small states
The Turkish conquest of northern India was aided by
Sultan Iltutmish passed his empire to Raziyah, his
The Delhi Sultans controlled their empire in India by
Terror and high taxes
When the Delhi Sultanate began to lose control of its realm, new kingdoms emerged in India called
Bahmani and Vijayanagar
Although the Delhi Sultanate had its problems, it did provide a
Centralized political authority to India
Which of the following did NOT help to increase Indian Ocean trade between 1200 and 1500?
Invention of the lateen sail and the compass
The characteristic ship of the Arabian Sea was the
The largest, most technologically advanced ship in the Indian Ocean was the Chinese
The different regional networks of the Indian Ocean trade were tied together by
By 1259, the most important trading city of the Swahili Coast was
The economic and political power of Great Zimbabwe was based on long distance trade in
Gold, copper, and salt
The city of Aden in Arabia was an excellent location for
Growing grain and a convenient stopover for traders from India
Which of the following was NOT an item that the Indian state of Gujarat derived from wealth from manufacturing and trading
As trade increased in the 14th and 15th centuries, the Strait of Malacca became the center of a political rivalry between
Majapahit and Chinese pirates
Because of the trade through the Strait of Malacca, Malacca became an important port and
Became a meeting place for traders from around the Eurasian world
The cultural blending associated with the expansion and spread of Islam from 1200 to 1500 can be seen by examining
The design of mosques blending older traditions and new influences
Which of the following statements is true about the role the mosque played in Islamic society?
Mosques were centers of learning and promoted literacy.
The spread of Islam to India promoted a new language that combined Persian and Hindi influence called
The spread of Islam between 1200 and 1500 encouraged all but the following
The parallel spread of Christianity
The most profitable item traded from North Africa to Timbuktu, a center for learning, was
In India, Islamic invasion practically
Destroyed the last strongholds of Buddhism
The prosperity of the Asian and African kingdoms from 1200 to 1500 was accompanied by the
Growth of slavery
The status of women in tropical India may have improved based on reports that
Sati, or widow burning, became optional
Which of the following was NOT one of the active roles or special skills that women of tropical regions played or contributed to their communities?
Ruling many countries throughout the tropics
The period from 1200 to 1500 is better known as Europe's
Later Middle Age's
Western Europeans of the later Middle Ages refer to themselves as
In the Latin West during the Later Middle Ages approximately
Nine out of ten people were rural
In return for use of their lord's land, serfs
Had to give the lord a share of the harvest and perform services
In Europe's later Middle Ages women were considered to be
Inferior to men
The three field system was
An agricultural method
The average life expectancy for a European of this period was
Thirty to thirty five years
By the time it subsided, the Black Death killed
One out of three Western Europeans
Which of the following was NOT a social result of the Black Death epidemic?
A call for democracy
Windmills and water mills
Had long been common in the Islamic world
In Europe's later Middle Ages, the rapid growth of industry resulted in environmental changes, which of the following was NOT among them?
The extinction of many animal species
The continued growth of trade and manufacturing after 1200 was due to
The growth of urban areas in the Latin West
In the thirteenth century, what caused Italian Eastern Mediterranean trade to be strengthened?
Venetian inspired assault on Constantinople
Which of the following is NOT tue of trading cities in Europe during the Middle Ages? They
Were unable to produce products to compete with Asian products
What official role did the Catholic Church play in the persecution of Jews in Medieval Europe?
It played no official role in the persecution, as the Church was officially the protector of the Jews
A guild was
An association of craft specialists from the same trade
Which of the following is NOT true of most guilds?
Most guilds promoted equality for men and women
Which of the following is true of merchant banking in the 15th century?
Checking accounts, shareholding companies, money changing, loans, and investments were offered as services.
What "architectural wonder" first made its appearance in France on or about the year 1140 CE?
Which of the following is NOT a distinctive feature of the Gothic cathedral?
The clock was
First used as a regular part of urban life in the Latin West
The Renaissance first began in
Some of the "lost knowledge" of the Greek and Arab world came into the Latin West through
The recapture of southern Italy from the Byzantines, and Sicily and Toledo from Muslims
The modern university, as a degree-granting corporation, was first established in
The Latin West
In the universities of the Latin West, all courses were taught in
The attempt by thirteenth century theologians to synthesize Aristotelian philosophy and religious faith
Which of the following does NOT describe the Divine Comedy?
It was written in Latin like most literature of the time
The poem Canterbury Tales was
Written by Geoffrey Chaucer
The greatest influence of the humanists was in
Their call to a return to the traditions no learning of the early Middle Ages
Which of the following fostered artistic growth in the Renaissance?
The patronage of the wealthy merchants and prelates
What changes transformed later medieval military technology?
The crossbow with metal-tipped arrows and firearm
Which of the following statements about the Magna Carta is NOT true?
It gave new rights to the peasants
Joan of Arc
Led to French to victory in a decisive battle during the Hundred Years War
In what ways were the "new monarchies" able to raise funds?
Taxes on lands, taxes from merchants, and voluntary contributions from the church
By 1500, the English Parliament
Became a permanent part of English government
Spain and Portugal's reconquest of Iberia was at the expense of
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