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Test 2 Study Guide
Terms in this set (19)
What is the function of a ribosome? What nucleic acid is important for this process?
Assembles Proteins, RNA
Compare the sizes of a gene, eukarayotic cell, prokarayotic cell, and virus.
Eukarayotic cell, prokarayotic, virus, gene
What are the functions of the nucleus?
Controls functions in the cell
Describe the importance of the cell wall and large vacuole in plant cells.
The cell provides support and protection for plant cells, vacuoles act as a storage system for water.
How does the folded inner membrane (called the cristae) of mitochondria impact its function.
They increase the surface area
What organelles are found in plant cells, but not in animal cells?
What organelles are found in animal cells, but not in plant cells?
What parts of the body would require large quantities of mitochondria?
Muscles, because it takes a lot of energy to use them.
Name 3 ways that prokaryotic cells are different than eukaryotic cells.
1. No Nucleus
In what ways are mitochondria and chloroplast interconnected?
They both break down stuff.
What organic molecule do mitochondria break down?
if a cell is missing its nucleus, what cell function could not occur?
Describe the fluid mosaic model of the cell membrane.
Different parts put together, phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins
How do cells communicate with eachother
With Glycolipids and Glycoproteins
Why is it important for the cell membrane to be selectively permeable?
It is important because it decides what goes in or out of the cell and what can be harmful and not harmful.
What organic molecule is found in most plant cell walls?
Cellulose which is a carbohydrate.
How is it possible that all the cells in our body have the same DNA, but have very different functions?
It is possible because of how proteins form our bodies.
How does cell differentation affect a developing embryo?
It allows you to change
Why is it important for the medical community to be able to reverse cell differentiation?
To be able to change what people will look like.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Unit 3b1: Protein Synthesis
Unit 3b2: Celle Process- Cell Division Vocabulary
Unit 4a: Genetics Vocabulary
Unit 4b: Genetics Vocabulary
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