14 terms

AP US History Chapter 9

for Ms. Herrings APUSH homework the week of 10/3-10/7
Society of Cincinnati
Formed by Revolutionary army officers in 1783, it was a group of men who aspired to influence the national government
"Great Compromise"
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
Electoral College
A group selected by the states to elect the president and the vice-president, in which each state's number of electors is equal to the number of its senators and representatives in Congress.
Land ordinance of 1785
A law that divided much of the United States into a system of townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers. it was 16 miles square, with one mile reserved for the school.
"three-fifths compromise"
This was a compromise directed at the slaving states in order to get them to ratify the constitution. It said that one slave counted for 3/5 of a vote in government.
Daniel Shays
Former supporter/ military personnel of Independence. Afterwards, he saw the constitution as an infringement on liberty and started a rebellion. It was quickly put down.
Northwest ordinance of 1787
Federal order that divided the Northwest Territory into smaller territories and created a plan for how the territories could become states. It prohibited slavery.
Shays's rebellion
A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers, led by Daniel Shays, attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes
Constitution of the U.S.
considered the 'supreme law' of the United States. The Constitution is the framework for the organization of the United States government and for the relationship of the federal government with the states, citizens, and all people within the United States.
The Federalist
This was a series of essays promoting ratification of the Constitution. It was published anonymously by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison in 1787 and 1788.
"Large State plan"
Plan proposed by Virginia for representation in both houses to be based on population, AKA "bicameral".
"bundle of compromises"
This referred to the Constitution. It was trying to please everybody. (Great Compromise; 3/5 compromise; method of electing president; regulation of slave trade)
Thomas Jefferson
Main author of the Declaration of Independence, and activist in government until he became the third president of the United States. He was president during the Louisiana Purchase.
Abigail Adams
Wife of John Adams. During the Revolutionary War, she wrote letters to her husband describing life on the home front. She urged her husband to protect women's rights during the construction of the government