An impact on the body by objects that cause injury without penetrating soft tissues or internal organs and cavities.
A phenomenon in which speed causes a bullet to generate pressure waves, which cause damage distant from the bullet's path.
Dual impacting of the brain into the skull; coup injury occurs at the point of impact; contrecoup injury occurs on the opposite side of impact, as the brain rebounds.
Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score
An evaluation tool used to determine level of consciousness, which evaluates and assigns point values (scores) for eye opening, verbal response, and motor response, which are then totaled; effective in helping predict patient outcomes.
index of suspicion
Awareness that unseen life-threatening injuries may exist when determining the mechanism of injury.
mechanism of injury (MOI)
The way in which traumatic injuries occur; the forces that act on the body to cause damage.
Emergencies that require EMS attention because of illnesses or conditions not caused by an outside force.
Injury caused by objects, such as knives and bullets, that pierce the surface of the body and damage internal tissues and organs.
The product of mass, gravity, and height, which is converted into kinetic energy and results in injury, such as from a fall.
pulmonary blast injuries
Pulmonary trauma resulting from short-range exposure to the detonation of explosives.
A score that relates to the likelihood of patient survival with the exception of a severe head injury. It calculates a number from 1 to 16, with 16 being the best possible score. It takes into account the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, respiratory rate, respiratory expansion, systolic blood pressure, and capillary refill.
The eardrum; a thin, semitransparent membrane in the middle ear that transmits sound vibrations to the internal ear by means of auditory ossicles.