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Journal 41 - The Explorers
Terms in this set (10)
(1480?-1521) Portuguese-born navigator. Hired by Spain to sail to the Indies in 1519. (The same year HRE Charles V became empreor.) Magellan was killed in the Philippines (1521). One of his ships returned to Spain (1522), thereby completing the first circumnavigation of the globe.
(1371-1433) An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa.
(1451-1506) Sailed for Spain. In 1492, he accidentally landed in the Americas instead of reaching the East Indies.
An instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the position of the stars and planets
Samuel de Champlain
Cartographer, explorer, governor of New France. The major role Champlain played in the St Lawrence River area earned him the title of "father of New France."
navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)
English navigator who claimed the east coast of Australia for Britain and discovered several Pacific islands (1728-1779)
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route.
Prince Henry "The Navigator"
(1394-1460) Prince of Portugal who established an observatory and school of navigation at Sagres and directed voyages that spurred the growth of Portugal's colonial empire.
Gold, God, and Glory
What were the motives of Spanish colonization in the Americas?
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