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IT Fundamentals - Installation and Configuration
CC-BY-SA source: https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/IT_Fundamentals/Installation_and_Configuration
Terms in this set (43)
The act of making the program ready for execution.
Usually involves more than just erasing the program folder.
common operations performed during software installation
Making sure that necessary system requirements are met
Checking for existing versions of the software
Creating or updating program files and folders
Adding configuration data
Making the software accessible to the user
Configuring components that run automatically
Performing product activation,
Updating the software versions
A service offered by Microsoft that provides updates for Windows components.
A service offered by Microsoft that provides updates for Windows components and other Microsoft software.
A legal instrument (usually by way of contract law, with or without printed material) governing the use or redistribution of software.
software license types
Proprietary licenses, and free and open source licenses.
proprietary software license
The software publisher grants the use of one or more copies of software under the end-user license agreement (EULA), but ownership of those copies remains with the software publisher.
free and open-source license
Includes permissive licenses and copyleft licenses.
A part of the Microsoft Windows graphical user interface which allows users to view and manipulate basic system settings and controls via applets.
An application included with the OS X operating system that allows users to modify various system settings which are divided into separate preference panes.
Refers to the design of products, devices, services, or environments for people with disabilities.
Software installation that requires a user to be present and interact with the installation process.
Software installation that runs at a preset time or when a predefined condition transpires,
A configuration that allows an operating system or application to automatically download and install system updates.
Software that becomes perceptibly slower, use more memory / disk space or processing power, or have higher hardware requirements than the previous version whilst making only dubious user-perceptible improvements.
Refers to the process of loading the basic software into the memory of a computer after power-on or general reset, especially the operating system which will then take care of loading other software as needed.
Software distributed with another product such as a piece of computer hardware or other electronic device, or a group of software packages which are sold together.
Devices or effort used to support and contain cables during system installation, and makes subsequent maintenance or changes to the cable system easier.
Software installation that is done in the absence of any interfering elements such as old versions of the computer program being installed or leftovers from a previous installation.
A system utility that give the user control over hardware and software settings.
The practice of using copyright law to offer the right to distribute copies and modified versions of a work and requiring that the same rights be preserved in modified versions of the work.
A display setting that determines the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can or will be displayed.
EULA (End User License Agreement)
A license agreement for proprietary software that provides a contract between the licensor and purchaser, establishing the purchaser's right to use the software.
GNU GPL (GNU General Public License)
The most widely used free software license, which guarantees end users (individuals, organizations, companies) the freedoms to use, study, share (copy), and modify the software.
Hardware Compatibility List
A list of computer hardware (typically including peripheral devices) that is compatible with a particular operating system or device management software.
Software installation performed without using a computer monitor connected to the system.
A single, cumulative package that is used to address a problem in a software product. Typically, hotfixes are made to address a specific customer situation, undergo less regression testing, and have more limited distribution than patches.
An installation method used primarily by Red Hat Enterprise Linux to automatically perform unattended operating system installation and configuration.
A means of adapting computer software to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target market.
The practice of distributing software under two or more different sets of terms and conditions.
Software installation from a shared network resource.
A piece of software designed to update a computer program or its supporting data, to fix or improve it.
A program designed to run on a compatible computer without being installed in a way that modifies the computer's configuration information.
A license validation procedure required by some proprietary computer software programs.
A specific software-based key for a computer program that certifies that the copy of the program is original.
Another name for display resolution.
SID (Security Identifier / System Identifier)
A unique, immutable identifier of a user, user group, or other security principal.
Software installation that does not display messages or windows during its progress.
A feature in Microsoft Windows that allows the user to revert their computer's state (including system files, installed applications, Windows Registry, and system settings) to that of a previous point in time, which can be used to recover from system malfunctions or other problems.
Software installation that is performed without user interaction during its progress or with no user present at all.
A replacement of hardware, software or firmware with a newer or better version, in order to bring the system up to date or to improve its characteristics.
An anti-malware program developed by Microsoft and included in Windows Vista and later operating systems.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
IT Fundamentals - Operating Systems
IT Fundamentals - Hardware
IT Fundamentals - Peripherals
IT Fundamentals - Applications
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