Vit E/Selenium combination Main ingredient - vit E?: Forms: Don't use which forms in sheep? If pregnant? For Vit E?
Vit E - preservative only, main ingredient = Selenium Bo-Se (bovine) L-Se - for lambs + piglets Do not use Mu-Se in sheep, or E-Se --> too high pregnant - half dose or will abort Vit E - separate supplment
Vit E/Selenium Def Prevent: Test ___ and provide Se ____ Rate of Se: Mix what 2 things? Avoid diets hi in ___
test forage & provide Se dietary supplements 0.7mg/h/d Mix f/c fresh legumes & grasses avoid high grains
Hypocalcemia - often seen with ____ during ____ of ____ PRegnant ewes need how much of what 2 things? Serum Ca at what level says supplement:
preg tox, last 2 weeks gestation 8g Ca & 4g P/d Ca <7mg/dL --> supplement
Hypocalcemia: initially muscles are: Then: What is the final sign:
Initially hyperactive: - poor membrane stabilization from lack of calcium Then ataxia/flacid paralysis - no Ca at synapses to cause Ach release Bloat - no ruminal contractions
Hypocalcemia TX How much Ca: What route What can prevent?
1g Ca/45kg body weight Oral, IV, SQ - check product Alfalfa prevents
PRegnancy toxemia aka ____ During ___ trimester # feti: BCS of animals more prone:
Ketosis Last trimester multiple feti thin/excessively obsese
Preg Tox due to ___ ____ ____ Decreased ___ Increased ____
negative energy balance dec intake inc demand
During ketosis which 2 substances are used in the TCA and which is low?
Oxaloacetate Porprionate --> low
What is in excess druing ketosis in the TCA? What happens to it?
oxaloacetate, from fatty acid breakdown It backs up to Acetyl - CoA and is turned into 3 ketones
Pregnancy Toxemia C/S: Glucose: only source of energy for (3) Signs: Attitude position CNS: Teeth: