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Extra questions set 2
Terms in this set (84)
What are the two cells that make up the JGA?
Macula densa and JGA Cells
Which of these cells serve as the sensors ?
Macula densa as they sense the lack of salt and nutrients
What enzyme does the JGA cell secrete?
What reaction does renin catalyze?
What enzyme converts angiotensin I into Angiotensin II?
Where is ACE located?
What are the functions of Angiotensin II?
Induce the release of ADH/vasopressin for h20 reuptake in the collecting duct.
This induces the adrenal cortex to release aldosterone for salt reuptake
Which cells in the kidneys are sensitive to ADH?
Where are principal cells located?
Distal convoluted tubles and collecting ducts
What are the names of the arterioles that bring blood into and out of the glomerulus ?
Afferent and Efferent
What is the name of the capillary bd that surrounds the renal tubules?
What are the 3 structures/ layers that filter blood plasma from the glomerular capillary bed into the Bowman's capsule/
What cells form the slit membranes
What cells in the kidney tubules secrete hydrogen ions?
Starting from the Bowman's capsule, name the rest of the tubular portion of the nephron?
Proximal convoluted tubles
loop of Henle
Distal Convoluted tubules
What are the 3 sections of the urethra?
What are the five layers of the epidermis?
What are the two layers of the dermis?
What cell is responsible for touch?
What cell is responsible for immunity?
What cell is responsible for pigment production?
Which make up the bulk of your skin cells?
Which layer is made up of a singe layer of mitotically active cells?
Where is the keratohylin found?
Where is the eleiden found?
What are the three sections of the pharynx?
Of these three sections, which ones are lined with stratified squamos epithelium?
Oropharynx and Hypopharynx
Name the three single pieces of cartilage in the larynx?
Name the three paired pieces of cartilage in the larynx?
What type of epithelium would you find on the superior surface of the epiglottis?
What type of epithelium would you find on the inferior surface of the epiglottis?
Which lung possesses three lobes? two lobes?
What fissures separate the lobes of the lung?
Right- horizontal and oblique
What would you find int he hilus of the lung?
What portion of the brain controls the basic rhtym of respiration?
What portion of hte pons prolongs inspiration? Stop inspiration.
What main muscle is responsible for inspiration?
What chemical induces bronchoconstriction? Bronchodialation?
Would you find cartilage in the walls of your trachea? Main bronchi? Smallest bronchiole?
What cell types makes up the wall of the alveoli?
Alveolar Type I cells
What alveolar cell produces surfactant?
Alveolar Type II cells
Are there alveolar macrophages in the alveoli?
What are the three major salivary glands?
What is the minor salivary gland?
What are the three types of papillae? Which one possess taste buds?
What enzymes are in your saliva? what do they each digest?
Salivary amylase (Carbs)
Lingual lipase (lipds)
What enzymes are secreted in your stomach? From what cells? what do they each digest?
Pepsinogen (pepsin) proteins from chief cells
Gastric lipase (lipids)
What hormones are secreted from the endocrine portion of the pancreas? What cells produce these hormones?
Glucagon - alpha
pancreatic polypeptide - F cells
What hormones are secreted from the exocrine portion of the pancreas? What are there functions?
Procarboxypeptidase- protein digestion
Pancreatic lipase for lipids
Pancreatic amylase for carbs
What is the function of the gall bladder? Liver?
Store and concentrate bile
Liver produces the bile
What are the four sections of the stomach?
What valve controls the amount of chyme released into the dueodenum?
What are the macrophages found in the liver?
How many layers make up the stomach?
What is the difference between segmentation and persitalis?
Segmentation is mixing
Persistalis is moving
What are hte divisions of the large intestines?
Ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid, colon, anal canal
What is the function of the ileocecal valve?
Regulates movemnts of chyme form the small to large intestines
What is the lamina propria?
Ct found in the mucosa layer of the digestive tract
What is the muscularis mucosae?
Smooth muscle foudn int eh mucosa layer of the digestive tract
What is the meissnner's plexus?
Nerve plexus controlling the muscularis mucosae
What is auerback's plexus?
Nerve plexus controlling the musclariss layer
What are the three male accessory sex glands and what do they each secrete? What are the functions of these chemicals?
Sperminogelin - coagulates semen
Prostaglandin - induces female contractions
Fibrinolysin - decoagulates the sperm
Cowper's- alkaline (lubrication)
What ligaments support the penis
Fundiform and Suspensory
What are the spongymasses found within the penis?
Corpora cavernosa and corpus sponginosum
What tubules are the site for sperm production?
What are the functions of sertoli cells?
Stertoli for support
What are the functions of the leydig cells?
What are the sections of the sperm?
Where would you find the mitochrondria in the sperm?
What is the function of the acrosome?
Contains the enzyme to pentrate the corona radiata and the zona pellicuda of the oocyte
What are the three sections of the fallopia tubes?
What are the 3 sections of the uterus wall?
What are the two layers of the endometrium?
Stratum basilis and straum functionalis
What are the four phases of the menstral cycle?
A decline in what hormones induces menses?
Drop in progesterone
What if the function of FSH?
Development of the follicle
What is the function of the LH?
LH ovulation, gamete production
What is the function of HCG?
Maintain the corpus luteum by keeping the progesterone levels up
What is the function of estrogen?
Develops endometrium (functionalis)
What is the function of progesterone?
maintains the functionalis
What gene control the develope of the male sex organs?
What are the two embryonic ducts found in a developing embryo?
Mullerian inhibitng hormone (cannot turn into a girl )
Develops external genetalia
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