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For SRRHS students.

Boston Tea Party

Response to Tea Act, Boston radicals dressed up as Indians boarded a British ship and threw off 342 chests of tea.

First Continental Congress

Held at Carpenters Hall, all colonies except Georgia, more concerned with non exportation because then Britain couldn't pay off it's debt.

General Gage/Concord

Governor of Massachussets, led the invasion of Lexington and Concord.


Settlers in the Carolinas made themselves Regulators, regulated back country for their was no government.

Second Continental Congress

Inherited Revolutionary war, appointed Washington general of Continental Army, didn't tax, didn't regulate trade, thought of itself as executive.

George Grenville's war against smuggling

Created Sugar Act, allowed the seizure of ships, made it more profitable for officers to hound ships rather than take bribes.

Proclamation of 1763

Drew line across Application water shed, settlers would have to purchase land from Indians across this line.

New England Restraining Act

Colonies couldn't use fisheries in the Atlantic, only could trade with Britain.

Boston Massacre Trials and Gaspee Affair

Impossible to prosecute individuals for politically motivated crime, need to send army to enforce laws.

Boston Massacre

After 11 year old killed, crowd through stones at customs house, 5 killed, 6 wounded, Thomas Preston

John Wilkes

Questioned King's integritry, Charles Pratt freed him, made 45 a symbol of Liberty.

Townshend Revenue Act

Put duties on imports from Britain, new revenues would be used to pay salaries of governors in colonies.

Patrick Henry

Wrote the five resolutions to the Stamp Act, member of House of Burgesses.

Regulator Movement

War in Saluda Creek with Moderators, war in Alamance Creek with Tyrons Army

Four Coercive Acts

Boston Port Act, The Quartering Act, Justice Act, Massachusetts Act

Declaration of the Causes and Necesssities of Taking Up Arms

Written by Jefferson, justified armed resistance to reunite Britain and Colonies, king ignored it

Common Sense

Published by Paine, published in Philladelphia, accused King George III a brute, Americas unite as republic.

Sugar Act

Imposed by Grenville, 3 pence duty on mollases from Britain.

Declaration of Independence

Written on July 4 1776 by Jefferson, Adams, and Franklin.

The Coercive Acts

Response to Boston Tea Party, led to creation of First Continental Congress and non-importation.

Letters from A Farmer in Pennsylvania

Response to Townshend Act, parliament wasn't distinguishing external taxes from internal ones.

Lt. Governor Thomas Hutchinson

Mansion was ram sacked and removed troops from Boston.

Three Succesive Crises

Stamp Act, Townshend Act, and Tea Act.

Sons of Liberty

Evil, tarred and feathered people, demolished Stamp Act Offices.

Montgomery and Arnold

Sent to recruit Canadians, Montogomory sent to Montreal, both defeated and became American heroes.

Pontiac's War

Named after Otowa Cheif, captured Fort Detroit and Pitt, Amherst spread small pox blankets.

Provincial Convgress

Met at Concord, became government of Massachusetts, created minute-men, changed payment of taxes to go to them.

Value of Continental Money

Dollar worth less than a penny in 1779, took out foreign loans.

Men Volunteered for Longer Terms

Served for three years, formed continental line, made training possible.

Native American allegiance Revolutionary War

Joined Britain, wouldn't kill other Indians.

Shays Rebellion

Army veteran who ordered attack on Arsenal in Sprinfield,

Consitution was to go into effect

As soon as 9 states accepted hoping the other 3 would follow suit.

Connecticut Compromise

Compromise of Virginia and New Jersey plan,

John Adams/Division of Government

Wrote about 3 branches in his "Thoughts about Government"

Washington Established New Policies

Stricter disipline, soldier now could receive 100 lashes, gave cash and land bonuses.

Who reopened Atlantic Slave Trade?

South Carolina and Georgia to import 600,000, needed labor to cope with lost crop during war.

Most slaves sided with?


Daniel Boone

Cut wilderness trail from Cumberland Gap to Kentucky

Treaty of Paris

Ended war, gave Indian land to US

Continental Soldiers grew discontented

Winter of 1779-80 almost send 2 regiments of army home because were not fed for 3 day, result of diminishing dollar value.

Randolph's Virginia Plan

Bicameral legislature, proportional representation, drafted by James Madison

George Mason

Last minute objection to Bill of Rights, drafted declaration of rights that carfully excluding slaves.

Benjamin Franklin

Kept supplies flowing from France.

Most Loyalists

Commited to English ideas of Liberty, 1/6 of America.

Federalist Papers

Written by Hamilton, large republic much more succesful than smaller one.

Land Ordinance

Divided Northwest into townships 6 square miles, divided into 36 sections, dollar an acre

Northwest Ordinance

Provide government, split into 3-5 states, and once they reached 60,000 they could petition to become a state.

Indians Willing to Fight on American Side

Catawabas, Oniedas, Shawnees, Moravian

Many Loyalists

Openly rejected Stamp Act and other Acts, moved to Canada.

Horatio Gates

Outnumbered Burgoise 3 to 1, made Burgoise retreat to Saratoga, lost in Carolina to Cornwallis.

Washington recieved help from other European volunteers

Van Stuben was a prussian, Lafouyette and Johahn were French, 1/5 colonial officers from Europe.

British reevaluated military strategy

Declared war on France, deployed army on a global scale, pulled Clinton out of Philadelphia.

Principle crop of coastal South Carolina and Georgia


Widely distributed publications in early Republic


Cotton requires all the following growing conditions

Hot humid climate, long growing season, lots of labor.

Five Civilized Tribes

Occupied ancesteral land, Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Seminoles.

Rice and cotton plantations in South Carolina and Georgia

Slaves made up 80% of this region, demanded skilled labor

Statements concerning American society during the early Republic?

Old farming communities grew older and more females. Frontier settlements and seaport cities became more younger and male. Young men who stayed home had little to look forward to.

Under Treaty of Greenville

Native Americans give up 2/3 of land in Ohio and Indiana, British abandon forts in the Old Northwest.

Southern Evangelical Faiths

Baptists, Methodists, Presbyterians, grew greatly, became dominant church in the South.

Commercial boom in sea port cities

Merchants industrialized US, poverty became common, accountants arose to keep track of financial transactions.

Growth of Maritime Economy

More overseas demand for American goods, Artisans replaced by wage labor, French seizures of American Ships led to entering the war of 1812.

Changing System

Farmers kept tract of what they owed each other and payed difference at end of year.

Implementing task system in South Carolina and Georgia

Summer led to deadly diseases preventing plantation owner from watching slaves, gave slaves 5 acres of land.

Blacks drawn to revival religion for many of the same reasons as whites.

Evangelical because of emotional preaching, jerking.

Gabriel's Rebellion

Slaves marched to Richmund to set fire to warehouse and take capital square. Heavy rain ruined their plan.

Women's labor and ingenuity on farms

Created more varied and nutritious diet.

Republican Concept of Citizenship

Land owning, tax paying, independent fathers.

Relegated to smaller territory, but still dependent upon the European fur trade, the natvies of the Northwest and Southwest

Compete with settlers for game, settlers scared away animals,

Money to increase the family income, Working class women

Women did laundry, pedaled food, domestic servant, taking in boarders.

Key to international commerce in economy of early America

Sea Port Cities such as Boston, New York, Charlestown, Baltimore, Philadelphia.

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