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22 terms

Psychology chapter 5

STUDY
PLAY
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies the physical, mental, and social changes throughout the life span
Zygote
fertilized egg, enters a 2 week period of rapid development, develops into an embryo
embryo
the developing human organism from 2 weeks through 2nd month
fetus
the develop human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth
Teratogens
agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm
reflexes at birth
rooting
sucking
gag
startle
babinski
preferences at birth
human voices and face like images, smell and sound of the mother
schema
a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information
assimilation
interpreting one's new experience in terms of one's existing schemas
accommodation
adapting one's current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information
Birth to nearly 2 years
Sensorimotor
Experiencing the world through
senses and actions (looking,
touching, mouthing)

Object permanence
Stranger anxiety
about 2 years to 6 years
Preoperational
Representing things
with words and images
but lacking logical reasoning

Pretend play
Egocentrism
Language development
about 7 to 11 years
Concrete operational
Thinking logically about concrete
events; grasping concrete analogies
and performing arithmetical operations

Conservation
Mathematical transformations
about 12 through adulthood
Formal operational
Abstract reasoning

Abstract logic
Potential for moral reasoning
conservation
the principle that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects
ego-centrism
the inability of the preoperational child to take anothers point of view
attachment
an emotional tie with another person
shown in young children by their seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing distress on separation
what kind of parenting has the effect of strong attachment type
responsive
authoritative
provides rules and consequences, have empathy
Crystallized Intelligence
one's accumulated knowledge and verbal skills
tends to increase with age
Fluid Intelligence
ones ability to reason speedily and abstractly
tends to decrease during late adulthood
social clock
the culturally preferred timing of social events
marriage
parenthood
retirement