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31 terms

JAPN 3020 Ch. 1 & 2 Grammar

all grammar points from chapter 1 and 2
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V(plain past)+ばかり
have just done something; have just finished doing something
あの
used when both the speaker and the hearer are familiar wither a person or thing in question
その
used when only the speaker or the hearer are familiar with an item
V(plain)+ようになる
indicates a change which has taken place or will take place (なる for verbs)
なあ
sentence final particle of exclamation, generally used to state ones feeling emphatically or ones wish emotively (monologue)
V(plain present)+ところ
about to do something
V(plain past)+ところ
have/has just done something
V(ている)+ところ
am/are/is in the process of doing something
V(plain)+ことになっている
be expected/supposed to; it is a rule/custom that
V(plain)+ことになった
it has been decided/arranged that
N (or sentence+の)+初めてです
first time doing something (requires that you are in a relevant situation)
V(stem)+にくい
something is difficult to V
V(stem)+やすい
something is easy to V
V(plain)+ことにする
decided to do; indicates active decision making by the person involved
S1+たら, S2
when S1, S2
とても...ない
cant possibly (verb usually in potential form)
V(stem)+方
way of...ing
...らしい
it seems that; evidently (plain form of nouns, verbs, and adjectives)
Vて初めてのN
the first N after Ving
Vて初めてV
When V1 happens for the first time V2 happens
Vないで
without Ving; instead of Ving (often carries a connotation that one didnt do what one was expected to do)
Vばいいのに
you should (lit. it would be good if u did...; usually used to suggest the opposite of what the other person is doing or not doing)
それに
moreover; besides
なかなか...ない
not easily
question word+...か分からない
dont know...
しか...ない
only; no more than (always occurs with a negative;less than expected)
つまり
in other words; that is; namely; in short
sentence+わけです
that is to say; it follows that; that means
Nによって
depending on
Nに当たる
correspond to
...(の)ようなN
N, like...; N such as...