Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Biology 111 PPCC
General College Biology I
Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
Vocabulary: organic molecule, inorganic molecule, hydrocarbon, isomer, structural isomer, geometric isomers, enantiomers, functional groups, adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
After attending lectures and studying the chapter, the student should be able to:
Distinguish between inorganic and organic substances and give examples of each.
Know the valence of carbon. Recognize the bonding patterns of O, H, and N to carbon to make biological organic molecules.
Describe the hydrocarbon as the basic structure of organic molecules.
Recognize different carbon skeletons that can be formed as the basis of organic molecules (Fig 4.5)
5. Explain how functional groups make hydrophobic hydrocarbons hydrophilic.
6. Be able to draw/recognize each of the functional groups listed below. (Fig. 4.9)
State a class of biological organic molecule on which each is commonly found.
7. Define isomer and give an example of structural isomers, geometric
isomers and enantiomers (stereoisomers).