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53 terms

McManis 1st Quarter History Test 2011

STUDY
PLAY
Henry Knox
Secretary of War under George Washington
cabinet
President's hand picked advisors
George Washington elected
1788
Judiciary Act of 1789
established court system in US
elastic clause in Constitution
Article 1, section 8 a law can be made if it is good for the US
Washington's Proclamation of Neutrality
1794 We will not interfere with war between England and France b/c we wanted to trade with both countries
John Jay
First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
Jay Treaty
treaty with Great Britain not popular but prevented war with GB
Pickney Treaty
Treaty with Spain popular b/c it gave US the right to trade on the Miss River
Battle of Fallen Timbers
At Fort Miami in present day Ohio between Mad Anthony Wayne's soldiers and Native Americans
Mad Anthony Wayne
waited three days to attack Indians at Battle of Fallen Timbers crushed them
Treaty of Greenville
Treaty after battle of Fallen Timbers and Indians had to surrender homelands in present day ohio
Washington's Farewell address
keep religion in your lives, stay neutral, don't have political parties
Hamilton's Economic plan
established plan after Revolution with 4 parts: pay all debts, establish National bank, establish protective tariff and establish excise tax
Alexander Hamilton
Secretary of Treasury under Washington
excise tax
tax on goods within the US
tariff
import tax on goods coming to US
Protective Tariff of 1792
heavy tax on goods coming into US so it would force Americans would buy american goods
Pierre L'Entant
French engineer who designed Washington DC
Whiskey Rebellion
farmers in Penn rebelled against the tax on whiskey so Washington sent 13,000 troops into Penn to enforce its laws
Benjamin Banneker
first African American to be given an important job in govt by a President; he helped design Wash DC
John Adams elected President
1796
Presidential Election of 1796
John Adams (federalist) vs Thomas Jefferson (dem-rep) Pres and a VP from different political parties
Federalist creator
Alexander Hamilton
Dem-Rep creator
Thomas Jefferson
Federalist
wealthy people from New England: wanted a strong govt run by rich people, loose interpretation of Const. and tough voting requirements, Favored England
Dem-Reps
poor farmers from South and West: wanted states to have more power than federal government, easy voting requirements, strict interpretation of constitution, favored France
XYZ Affair
France hijacking US ships so US sent diplomats to France. XYZ bribed us we became mad at them and wanted to go to war. Pres. John Adams said no to war which was unpopular with US people so he lost election of 1800. Result: US built up their Navy.
Alien Act
John Adams and Federalists created to keep people from becoming Dem-Rep. This increased the time from 7 years to 14 for immigrants to become US citizens
Sedition Act
Federalist created to keep people from becoming Dem-Rep. Took away our freedom of speech and press. Cant say anything negative about the govt.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolution
written by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition acts. Stated that the states could declare a law unconst. and null & void
Null and Void
states have power to declare a law made by congress unconst. thereby making it invalid
Marbury vs Madison
famous Supreme Court case; first time they declared a law made by Congress unconstitutional. Established judicial review and strengthened Supreme COurt
John Marshall
Second Chief Justice of Supreme Court, ruled for 33 years, made SC powerful
Thomas Jefferson elected President
1800
Presidential election of 1800
Aaron Burr vs Thomas Jefferson tied and it went to the House of Representatives 36 times Alex Hamilton persuaded 3 members to vote for Jefferson. Significance: 12 Amendment
12th Amendment
electors now vote separately for President and VP
Aaron Burr
VP under Jefferson, challenged Alex Hamilton to a duel and killed him. Left US for France and became a traitor
Barbary Pirates
blocked our entrance into the Med Sea unless we paid them so we went to war with them at the Battle of Tripoli and won. Significance: stood up to the pirates and gained more respect
Stephen Decatur
War hero who fought the Barbary pirates at the Battle of Tripoli
Louisiana Purchase
1803 we bought land from France for 3 cents an acre which was $15 million. It doubled the size of the US best real estate deals in history
Napoleon Bonaparte
Emperor of France who sold us Louisiana Purchase He wanted to rule the world. He needed $ to fight Britain.
James Monroe
One of the diplomats sent by Jefferson to buy New Orleans
Lewis & Clark Expedition
1804
William Clark
one of the explores of the Louisiana Purchase
Meriwether Lewis
Helped Clark explore the Louisiana Purchase
Sacagawea
teenage Native American who guided Lewis and Clark while carrying her child
York
African American slave who explored Louisiana Purchase with Clark
Zebulon Pike
explored southwest and discovered Pike's Peak
Freedom of Seas violation
French and British searched all US ships and forced US citizens to become British soldiers
James Madison elected President
1808 - 4th President
Tecumseh
Great Native American leader who wanted to unite all Native Americans against white men in Northwest territory
the Prophet
brother of Tecumseh, religious leader of Native AMericans, put a curse on US Presidents, one eye