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t1-t12 located in the chest ( each vertebrea are joined with one of the 12 pairs of ribs
L1-L5 located in the lower back ( bear the weight of the head, neck, and trunk of the body
causes of low back pain
lifting to much or wrong way, poor posture, weekend athlete, overweight or over stressed
back pain can result from
sudden injury, weak/ inflexible muscles, poor posture, poor body mechanics
( collar bone) thin, rod like bone! On each side of the anterior neck, connects to the manubrium of the sternum and lateral to the scapula
very thin fracture with the bone pieces still together, difficult to detect except on x-ray
chronis inflammation of the vertebrea that leads to fibrosis, restriction of movement and stiffening of the spine
chronic inflammatory disease of the joints, particulary the large overweight bearing joints
congenital deformity in which the knees are rotated toward the midline and are abnormally close together and lower legs bent laterally
congenital deformity in which the knees are rotated laterally away from each other and the lower legs are bent toward the midline
congenital deformity in which the foot is pulled downward and toward the midline
vastus lateralis and vastus medialis
bends the upper leg toward the abdomen/ straighten the lower leg
semitendinous and semimembranosus
move the upper leg posteriiorly, bend the lower leg toward the buttocks
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