Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Come to lovely southern California

Cervial plane,thoracic planbe,Lumbar plane,Sacrum,Coccyx

Certical Vertebrea

c1-c7 located in the neck

Thoracic Vertebrea

t1-t12 located in the chest ( each vertebrea are joined with one of the 12 pairs of ribs

Lumbar vertebrea

L1-L5 located in the lower back ( bear the weight of the head, neck, and trunk of the body


group of 5 fused vertebrea ( joins with the hip bones in the posterior


(tail bone) group of 4 small fused vertebrea

causes of low back pain

lifting to much or wrong way, poor posture, weekend athlete, overweight or over stressed

what % of americans experience low back pain at one point in their life


back pain can result from

sudden injury, weak/ inflexible muscles, poor posture, poor body mechanics


( collar bone) thin, rod like bone! On each side of the anterior neck, connects to the manubrium of the sternum and lateral to the scapula


shoulder blade

arm bones

humerous, radius, alna

wrist contains how many carpal bones?


each hand contains _ metacarcal bones


each finger contains _ phalangal bones except the thumb which contains _


distal phalanx

the final bone at the tip of the finger

pelvis includes the

hip, sacrum,coccyx of the vertebral comumn






bones that are after the wrist ( hand)

hip bones include

ilium, ischium, and pubis on each side of the spinal columns


hip bone( most superior of the hip bone, has a broad, flaring rim


most inferior of the hip bone ( seat bones, you sit on them)

pubis or pubic bone

small bridgelike bone, the most anterior of the hip bone


(thigh bone) long bone in the upper leg


(shin bone) large bone on the medial side of the leg


very thin bone on the lateral side of the lower leg


( knee cap) small round bone, anterior to the knee joint

each ankle contains _ tarsal bones



first tarsal bone (right above the heel)


(heel bone)

midfoot contains _ metatarsal bones



arch of the foot

each toe contains _ phalangel bones except the big toe which contains _



big toe

distal phalanx

very tip of the toe

colles fracture

distal radius is broken by falling onto an outstretched hand

comminuted fracture

bone is crushed into several pieces

compression fracture

vertebrea are compressed together when a person falls onto the buttocks

depressed fracture

cranium is fractured inward toward the brain

greenstick fracture

bone is broke on only one side

hairline fracture

very thin fracture with the bone pieces still together, difficult to detect except on x-ray

obligue fracture

bone is broken at an oblique angle

spiral fracture

bone is broken in a spiral because of a twisting force

transverse fracture

bone is broken in a transverse plane, perpendicular to its long axis

ankylosing spondylitis

chronis inflammation of the vertebrea that leads to fibrosis, restriction of movement and stiffening of the spine


abnormal, excessive, posterior curvature of the thoracic spine (humpback)


abnormal, excessive, anterior curvature of the lumbar spine (swayback)


abnormal, excessive, C-shaped or S-shaped lateral curvature of the back


metabolic disorder that occurs most often in men. High level of uric acid in the blood


blood in the joint cavity from blunt trama or penetrating wound

lyme disease

arthritis caused by a bacterium in the bite of an infected deer tick


chronic inflammatory disease of the joints, particulary the large overweight bearing joints

rheumatoid arthritis

acute and chronic inflammatory disease of the connective tissues


overstretching or tearing a ligament

torn meniscus

tear of the cartilage pad of the knee because of an injury

genu valgum

congenital deformity in which the knees are rotated toward the midline and are abnormally close together and lower legs bent laterally

genu varum

congenital deformity in which the knees are rotated laterally away from each other and the lower legs are bent toward the midline

hallux valgus

deformity in which the great toe is angled laterally toward the ptehr tpes

talipes equinovarus

congenital deformity in which the foot is pulled downward and toward the midline

_ muscles to smile, _ muscles to frown


number of muscles in the body


high intensity training takes how long for results ( usually)

6-8 weeks

What is the largest muscle in the body

guiteus maximus

what is the most frequently injured muscle in the body

erector spinal


begining of a muscle


ending of a muscle

strongest muscle in the body


biceps brachii

2 muscles ( arm flexion)

triceps brachii

3 muscles ( arm extension)

thenar muscles

bend the thumb


bend the lower arm toward the upper arm ( flexion)

What muscle groups make up your abdomen

lower back , hips, abdomen


used to raise the arm, abduction

pectoralis major

arm abduction

intercostal muscles

between ribs ( contraction- relaxation during breathing coughing and sneezing


raises the shoulder, pulls shoulder blades together, involved in head movement

latissimus dorsi

moves arm toward spinal columns

rectus femoris

bends the upper leg toward the abdomen


bends the upper leg toward the abdomen

vastus lateralis and vastus medialis

bends the upper leg toward the abdomen/ straighten the lower leg

peroneus longus

raises the lateral edge of the foot

tibialis anterior

bends the foot up toward the leg

biceps femoris

moves the upper leg posteriorly

semitendinous and semimembranosus

move the upper leg posteriiorly, bend the lower leg toward the buttocks


bends the foot downward

largest muscle

gluteus maximus


width of the calf muscle

muscle fascicle

bundle of individual muscle fibers

muscle fibers

hundreds of nuclei along its length to speed up chemical processes

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording