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90 terms

Med Term 2

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Come to lovely southern California
Cervial plane,thoracic planbe,Lumbar plane,Sacrum,Coccyx
Certical Vertebrea
c1-c7 located in the neck
Thoracic Vertebrea
t1-t12 located in the chest ( each vertebrea are joined with one of the 12 pairs of ribs
Lumbar vertebrea
L1-L5 located in the lower back ( bear the weight of the head, neck, and trunk of the body
Sacrum
group of 5 fused vertebrea ( joins with the hip bones in the posterior
Coccyx
(tail bone) group of 4 small fused vertebrea
causes of low back pain
lifting to much or wrong way, poor posture, weekend athlete, overweight or over stressed
what % of americans experience low back pain at one point in their life
80-85
back pain can result from
sudden injury, weak/ inflexible muscles, poor posture, poor body mechanics
Clavicle
( collar bone) thin, rod like bone! On each side of the anterior neck, connects to the manubrium of the sternum and lateral to the scapula
scapula
shoulder blade
arm bones
humerous, radius, alna
wrist contains how many carpal bones?
8
each hand contains _ metacarcal bones
5
each finger contains _ phalangal bones except the thumb which contains _
3,2
distal phalanx
the final bone at the tip of the finger
pelvis includes the
hip, sacrum,coccyx of the vertebral comumn
carpla
wrist
phalanges
fingers
metacarpals
bones that are after the wrist ( hand)
hip bones include
ilium, ischium, and pubis on each side of the spinal columns
ilium
hip bone( most superior of the hip bone, has a broad, flaring rim
ischium
most inferior of the hip bone ( seat bones, you sit on them)
pubis or pubic bone
small bridgelike bone, the most anterior of the hip bone
femur
(thigh bone) long bone in the upper leg
Tibia
(shin bone) large bone on the medial side of the leg
fibula
very thin bone on the lateral side of the lower leg
patella
( knee cap) small round bone, anterior to the knee joint
each ankle contains _ tarsal bones
7
talus
first tarsal bone (right above the heel)
calcaneus
(heel bone)
midfoot contains _ metatarsal bones
5
instep
arch of the foot
each toe contains _ phalangel bones except the big toe which contains _
3,2
hallux
big toe
distal phalanx
very tip of the toe
colles fracture
distal radius is broken by falling onto an outstretched hand
comminuted fracture
bone is crushed into several pieces
compression fracture
vertebrea are compressed together when a person falls onto the buttocks
depressed fracture
cranium is fractured inward toward the brain
greenstick fracture
bone is broke on only one side
hairline fracture
very thin fracture with the bone pieces still together, difficult to detect except on x-ray
obligue fracture
bone is broken at an oblique angle
spiral fracture
bone is broken in a spiral because of a twisting force
transverse fracture
bone is broken in a transverse plane, perpendicular to its long axis
ankylosing spondylitis
chronis inflammation of the vertebrea that leads to fibrosis, restriction of movement and stiffening of the spine
kyphosis
abnormal, excessive, posterior curvature of the thoracic spine (humpback)
lordosis
abnormal, excessive, anterior curvature of the lumbar spine (swayback)
scoliosis
abnormal, excessive, C-shaped or S-shaped lateral curvature of the back
gout
metabolic disorder that occurs most often in men. High level of uric acid in the blood
hemarthrosis
blood in the joint cavity from blunt trama or penetrating wound
lyme disease
arthritis caused by a bacterium in the bite of an infected deer tick
osteoarthritis
chronic inflammatory disease of the joints, particulary the large overweight bearing joints
rheumatoid arthritis
acute and chronic inflammatory disease of the connective tissues
sprain
overstretching or tearing a ligament
torn meniscus
tear of the cartilage pad of the knee because of an injury
genu valgum
congenital deformity in which the knees are rotated toward the midline and are abnormally close together and lower legs bent laterally
genu varum
congenital deformity in which the knees are rotated laterally away from each other and the lower legs are bent toward the midline
hallux valgus
deformity in which the great toe is angled laterally toward the ptehr tpes
talipes equinovarus
congenital deformity in which the foot is pulled downward and toward the midline
_ muscles to smile, _ muscles to frown
17,43
number of muscles in the body
700
high intensity training takes how long for results ( usually)
6-8 weeks
What is the largest muscle in the body
guiteus maximus
what is the most frequently injured muscle in the body
erector spinal
origin
begining of a muscle
insertion
ending of a muscle
strongest muscle in the body
jaw
biceps brachii
2 muscles ( arm flexion)
triceps brachii
3 muscles ( arm extension)
thenar muscles
bend the thumb
brachioradialis
bend the lower arm toward the upper arm ( flexion)
What muscle groups make up your abdomen
lower back , hips, abdomen
deltoid
used to raise the arm, abduction
pectoralis major
arm abduction
intercostal muscles
between ribs ( contraction- relaxation during breathing coughing and sneezing
trapezius
raises the shoulder, pulls shoulder blades together, involved in head movement
latissimus dorsi
moves arm toward spinal columns
rectus femoris
bends the upper leg toward the abdomen
sartorius
bends the upper leg toward the abdomen
vastus lateralis and vastus medialis
bends the upper leg toward the abdomen/ straighten the lower leg
peroneus longus
raises the lateral edge of the foot
tibialis anterior
bends the foot up toward the leg
biceps femoris
moves the upper leg posteriorly
semitendinous and semimembranosus
move the upper leg posteriiorly, bend the lower leg toward the buttocks
gastrocnemius
bends the foot downward
largest muscle
gluteus maximus
soleus
width of the calf muscle
muscle fascicle
bundle of individual muscle fibers
muscle fibers
hundreds of nuclei along its length to speed up chemical processes