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Rhetoric - Appeals and Devices
Terms in this set (26)
Appeal to logic - to persuade someone logically - usually with facts and data
Appeal to the credibility of the author - to persuade because author has special knowledge, is an expert, is famous/someone trusted, or because the author states God is on his side
Appeal to emotion - to persuade by using emotionally charged words, phrases, pictures - to make someone react emotionally
A rhetorical question is one that requires no answer because the answer is obvious and doesn't need to be stated . The speaker (of the rhetorical question) is not looking for an answer but is making some kind of a point, as in an argument.
the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases or clauses
expression of something which is contrary to the intended meaning; the words say one thing but mean another.
Often used to show sarcasm or an ironic situation
Parallelism (Parallel Structure)
The repetition of words, phrases, and clauses in a sentence and is used to emphasize an idea.
Allusions are often indirect or brief references to literature, mythology, Bible, or history
Figurative Language - metaphor, simile, imagery
Creating pictures with words and used to create pathos
A form of deductive reasoning consisting of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion.
the central idea of the argument
How the author rebuts/disproves the counter-claims
Identify the appeal: "If his years as a Marine taught him anything, it's that caution is the best policy in this sort of situation."
Identify the appeal: "If my age doesn't convince you that my opinion matters, at least consider that I am your grandfather and I love you dearly."
Identify the appeal: "My three decades of experience in public service, my tireless commitment to the people of this community, and my willingness to reach across the aisle and cooperate with the opposition, make me the ideal candidate for your mayor."
Identify the appeal: "There's no price that can be placed on peace of mind. Our advanced security systems will protect the well-being of your family so that you can sleep soundly at night."
Identify the appeal: "You will never be satisfied in life if you don't seize this opportunity. Do you want to live the rest of your years yearning to know what would have happened if you just jumped when you had the chance?"
Identify the appeal: "Ladies and gentlemen of the jury: we have not only the fingerprints, the lack of an alibi, a clear motive, and an expressed desire to commit the robbery... We also have video of the suspect breaking in. The case could not be more open and shut."
Identify the appeal: "You don't need to jump off a bridge to know that it's a bad idea. Why then would you need to try drugs to know if they're damaging? That's plain nonsense."
Identify the rhetorical device: "My style is public negotiations for parity, rather than private negotiations for position"
Identify the rhetorical device: "If you take his parking place, you can expect World War II all over again"
Identify the rhetorical device:"I needed a drink. I needed a lot of life insurance. I needed a vacation. I needed a home in the country. What I had was a coat, a hat and a gun."
Identify the rhetorical device: "My name is Maximus Decimus Meridius, Commander of the Armies of the North, General of the Felix Legions, loyal servant to the true emperor, Marcus Aurelius, father to a murdered son, husband to a murdered wife, and I will have my vengeance -- in this life or the next"
Identify the rhetorical device: "The means are at hand to fulfill the age-old dream: poverty can be abolished. How long shall we ignore this under-developed nation in our midst? How long shall we look the other way while our fellow human beings suffer?"
Identify the rhetorical device: "Marriage is the leading cause of divorce."
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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