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82 terms

Test 3 Chapters 5,6,7

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Bundle of His
Located within the interventricular septum
Superior vena cava
Transports blood from the upper portion of the body to the heart
Cappillaries
Smallest blood vessels in the body
Systolic pressure
Occurs when the ventricles contract, is the highest pressure against the walls of an artery
Hemoglobin
The iron-containing pigment of the erythrocytes
Neurtophils
Most common type of White Blood Cell
Phagocytosis
The process of destroying pathogens by surrounding and swallowing them
Thrombocytes
Also Known As platelets are the smallest formed elements of the blood......IMPORTANT ROLE IN THE CLOTTING OF BLOOD!
Hematologist
physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating abnormalities, diseases, and disorders of the bloodand blood forming tissues....Hemat=blood and -ologist=specialist
Vascular surgeon
physician who specializes in the diagnosis, medical management, and surgical treatment of disorders of the blood vessels
Ischemia
A condition in which there is an insufficient oxygen supply due to a restricted blood flow by to a part of the body
Myocardial infarction
also known as a heart attack
Conjestive heart failure
Chronic condition in which the heart is unable to pump out all of the blood that it receives
Heart murmur
Abnormal sound heard when listening to the heart or neighboring large blood vessels.
Arrhythmia
describes an abnormality, or the lossof the normal rhythm, of the heartbeat.
Atrial fibrillation
The normal rhythmic contractions of the atria are replaced by rapid irregular twitching of the muscular heart wall
Ventricular fibrillation
Rapid, irregular, and useless contraction of the ventricles....MAY CAUSE MANY SUDDEN CARIDAC DEATHS
Hypoperfusion
deficiency of blood passing through an organ or body part
Aneurysm
Localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wall of an artery
Deep vain thrombosis (DVT)
thrombus attached to the wall of a deep vein
Embolism
Sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus
Embolus
A foreign object, such as a blood clot, quantity of air, or tumor that is circulating in the blood
Leukopenia
Total number of leukocytes in the circulating blood is less than normal
Septicemia
Systemic condition caused by the spread of microorganisms and their toxins via the circulating blood
Hemolytic anemia
Inadequate number of circulating red blood cells due to the premature destruction of red blood cells by the spleen
Holter monitor
Portable electrocardiograph that is worn by an ambulatory patient to coninuously monitor the heart rates and rhythms over a 24-hour period
Automated External Defibrillator
for use by nonprofessionals in emergency situations
Lymph nodes
filter pathogens and harmful substances for the lymph
Nasopharyngeal tonsils
located within the nose
Spleen
filters microorganisms and other foreign material from the blood
Hemolytic
Spleen has hemolytic function of destroying wore-out red blood cells and releasing their hemoglobin for reuse
Intact tskin
wrapos the body in a physical barrier that prevents invading organisms from enter the body
Anitgen
Any substance that the body regards as being foreign, and includes viruses
Allergen
Substance that produces an allergic reaction in an individual
Antibody
Disease-fighting protein created by the immune system in response to the presence of a specific antigen
Lymphokines
signaling between the cells of the immune system
Complement
Marks foreign invaders and attracts phagocytes to destoy antigens
Allergy/Hypersensitivity
overreaction by the cody to a particular antigen
Western blot test
test is performed to confirm the diagnosis when the results of the ELISA test are positive
Rickettsia rickettsii
Transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected tick
Staphylococcus aureus
Commonly infects wounds and causes serious problems such as toxic shock syndrome or produces food poisoning
Tinea pedis
Fungal infection
Toxoplasmosis
Most commonly transmitted from animals to himans by contact with contaminated feces
Varicella
Chickenpox
Benign Tumor
noncancerous growth
Metastasize
Spreads from one place to another
Sarcoma
malignant tumore that arises from connective tissues, including hard tissues, soft tissues, and liguid tissues
Glandular
isn't affected
Lymphomas
gerneral term aplied to malignancies affecting lymphoid tissues
Hodgkin's Lymphoma
aka Hodgkin's disease, distinguished from other lymphomas by the presence of large, cancerous lymphocytes know as Reed-Sternberg cells
Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma
Term used to describe all other lymphoma's other than Hodgkin's lymphoma
Mastectomy
Surgical remaoval of the entire breast and nipple
Cilia
Hairs located within the nostrals to filter incoming air to remove debris
Mucus
Protect and lubricates these tissues...Helps to moisten, war, and filter the air as it enters
Oropharynx
Shared by the respiratory and digestive systems and transports air, food, and dluids downward to the laryngopharnyx
Thyroid Cartilage
Protects the larynx ....AKA adam's apple
Mediastinum
Cavity located between the lungs. Contains connective tissue andorgans, including the heart andi ts veins and arteries, the esophagus, trachea, bronchi, the thymus gland, and lymph nodes
Visceral Pleura
inner layer of pleura that surrounds each lung
Internal Resiration
The exchange of gases within the cells of the bhody organs, cells, and tissues
Chronic Bronchitis
Airways have become inflamed and thickened, an increase in the number and size of mucus-producing cells
Larynogoplegia
Paralysisof the larynx
Aphonia
Loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds
Phon
voice or sound
Tracheorrhagiea
Bleeding from the mucous membranes of the trachea
Pneumothorax
Mulation of air in the pleural space causing a pressure imbalance that prevents the lung from fully expanding or can cause it to collapse
Pleural Effusion
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
`Hemoptysis
Coughing up of blood or bloodstained sputum derived from the lungs, or bronchial tubes
Pnea
Breath
Atel
Incomplete
-ectasis
stretching or enlargement
Cystic Fibrosis
Genetic disorder
Apnea
Absence of spontaneous respiration
Bradypnea
abnormally low rate of respiration
Tachypnea
abnormally fast rate of respiration
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
pattern of alternating periods of hypopnea or apnea, followed by hyperpnea
Dyspnea
Shortness of breath...difficult or labored breathing
Anoxia
absence of oxygen from the body's gases, blood, or tissues
Hypercapnia
abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood
Pulse Oximeter
Measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood
Pharyngotomy
Surgical incision of the pharynx
Ventilator
Mechanical device for artificial ventilation of the lungs
Chrones Disease
defective resistance or abnormal responses to intestinal microbes