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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Describe land-sea breezes.
  2. What is the ITCZ?
  3. Describe the Polar High Pressure area.
  4. What is the Jet Stream?
  5. Isotach?
  1. a
    The Jet Stream is a relatively narrow corridor of very strong winds near the tropopause.
  2. b The Polar High Pressure consists of polar easterlies and the Antarctic High pressure area.
  3. c Equal wind speed.
  4. d
    Land-sea breezes are driven by the thermal inertia of water. When land and sea receive the same amount of insolation, the land heats up faster than the water. This temperature gradient causes winds to blow. At night, radiational cooling cools the land faster than the water so that the temperature gradient makes a wind blow from land to sea. These breezes also occur for large bodies of water, such as the Great Lakes.
  5. e The ITCZ stands for the Intertropical Convergence Zone, which is the area along the equator where a discontinuous series of thunderstorms occurs, due to the uplift caused by the convergence of winds and solar heating of the ground along the equator.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Trade Winds blow out of the equator side of the anticyclones. In the Northern Hemisphere, they are the Northeasterly Trade Winds. They are the most persistent winds in the world, blowing in the same direction about 80% of the time.
  2. The four factors that affect atmospheric circulation are as follows: the Coriolis Effect, gravity, friction forces, and changes in air pressure.
  3. A barometer can measure changes in air pressure. The two types of barometers are the mercurial barometer, which is more accurate but less easily transportable, and the aneroid barometer, which is less accurate but more portable.
  4. Low pressure cells tend to ascend and converge.
  5. Equal elevation.

5 True/False questions

  1. What are doldrums?Trade Winds blow out of the equator side of the anticyclones. In the Northern Hemisphere, they are the Northeasterly Trade Winds. They are the most persistent winds in the world, blowing in the same direction about 80% of the time.

          

  2. Isobar?Equal wind speed.

          

  3. Thermal equator?The ITCZ stands for the Intertropical Convergence Zone, which is the area along the equator where a discontinuous series of thunderstorms occurs, due to the uplift caused by the convergence of winds and solar heating of the ground along the equator.

          

  4. What does tertiary circulation in the atmosphere entail?Tertiary circulation is the movement of local high and low pressure cells, and parcels of air will cause local weather patterns, such as the weather patterns of a coastal city that is influenced by the body of water nearby.

          

  5. Describe the Equatorial Low Pressure.The Equatorial Low Pressure area occurs along the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and is the area where the Trade Winds and doldrums occur.