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60 terms

Abd/Pelvic X Sec Anatomy Week 1-5

STUDY
PLAY
#1 indicates:

A) Abdominal aorta
B) descending aorta
C) thoracic aorta
D) none of the above
none of the above
#2 in the above image indicates

A) aortic arch
B) thoracic aorta
C) abdominal aorta
D) IVC
thoracic aorta
#3 in the image above refers to the restus abdominus muscle.
A) True
B) False
false
The aorta bifurcates into ____________________________ at the level of the _____________________.
A) Lt and Rt External Iliac arteries, groin
B) Lt and Rt Common Iliac arteries, umbilicus
C) Lt and Rt Internal Iliac arteries, groin
D) A and C
Lt and Rt Common Iliac arteries, umbilicus
All of the following are anterior branches of the aorta, EXCEPT:
A) SMA
B) IMA
C) Celiac Trunk
D) Renal arteries
renal arteries
The sonographic image displayed is in which of the following orientations?

A) Transverse
B) Coronal
C) Longitudinal
D) None of the above
transverse
Using the image above what vascular structure is visualized above?
A) SMA
B) celiac axis and branches
C) splenic veins
D) hepatic veins
celiac axis and branches
If You are scanning your patient in the transverse plane at the level demonstrated in the image above, which way would you slide your transducer to see the SMA?

A) medially
B) laterally
C) inferiorly
D) superiorly
inferiorly
On the diagram, what do number 3 and number 4 refer to?

A) right and left portal veins
B) Left and middle hepatic veins
C) anterior and posterior branches of the left portal vein
D) medial and lateral branches of the left portal vein
medial and lateral branches of the left portal vein
What do # 6 and # 7 refer to in the diagram above?
A) SMV and IMV
B) SMV and MPV
C) splenic and SMV
D) splenic and IMV
splenic and IMV
Which numbers on the diagram/image indicate portal venous structures?
A) 2 and 4
B) 1, 2 and 4
C) 1 and 2
D) 1 and 4
E) 2 only
F) 4 only
2 and 4
What branch of the MPV is shown the image above?
A) Right
B) Left
left
What are the names of the smaller branches of the vessel shown above?
A) Left anterior and Left Posterior Portal Veins
B) Right anterior and Right Posterior Portal Veins
C) Left medial and Left lateral Portal Veins
D) Right medial and Right lateral Portal Veins
left medial and left lateral portal veins
Which blood vessel courses anterior to the aorta and posterior to the SMA?
A) SMV
B) RRV
C) IMV
D) LRV
LRV
Which blood vessel courses more anteriorly, renal arteries or renal veins?
A) veins
B) arteries
veins
All of the following are lower extremity arteries except:
A) superficial femoral artery
B) deep femoral artery
C) greater saphenous artery
D) popliteal artery
greater saphenous artery
Which of the following colors of cursors are demonstrating a CORRECT AP measurement of the mid aorta segment on the image?
A) red
B) green
C) orange
D) blue
red
What vascular landmark divides the aorta into proximal and mid segments?
A) Renal artery
B) Hepatic artery
C) IMA
D) SMA
SMA
The image displayed above is demonstrating the aorta from what probe orientation?
A) Transverse
B) Coronal
C) Longitudinal
Longitudinal
The liver occupies a major portion of the:
A) left hypchondrium
B) epigastrium
C) righ hypochondrium
D) hypogastrium
right hypochondrium
The IVC and its visible branches are primarily evaluated to detect
A) enlargement
B) the location of the hepatic veins
C) liver disease
D) intraluminal thrombosis or tumor invasion
intraluminal thrombosis or tumor invasion
All of the following are ligaments of the liver EXCEPT:
A) coronary ligaments
B) triangular ligaments
C) bare area
D) falciform
bare area
On the left anteriorly, the legamentum teres divides the
A) anterior from the posterior left lobe
B) medial from the lateral left lobe
C) lateral from the distal left lobe
D) medial from the lateral right lobe
medial from the lateral left lobe
The caudate lobe is bordered posteriorly by the _______ and anteriorly by the _______.
A) aorta, left portal vein
B) IVC, right hepatic vein
C) IVC , left portal vein
D) Aorta, left hepatic vein
IVC, left portal vein
The main portal vein enters the ________________and divides into left and right portal branches
A) portal triad
B) portal hilum
C) the liver triad
D) porta hepatis
porta hepatis
The main lobar fissure is seen as an echogenic line connecting the ________________ to the _________.
A) liver, kidney
B) gallbladder, right portal vein
C) gallbladder left portal vein
D) gallbladder, liver
gallbladder, right portal vein
The portal triad consist of
A) GB, HV, PV
B) CBD, Pancreas, PV
C) CBD, HA, PV
D) pancreas, IVC, CBD
CBD, HA, PV
The common hepatic duct is _________ to the portal vein.
A) lateral
B) posterior
C) medial
D) anterior
anterior
All of the following are divisions of the gallbladder EXCEPT
A) cystic duct
B) fundus
C) body
D) neck
cystic duct
The hepatic duct is joined by the _____ to form the _____.
A) pancreatic duct; cystic duct
B) cystic duct; common bile duct
C) common bile duct; cystic duct
D) right hepatic duct; common bile duct
cystic duct, common bile duct
The cystic duct connects the _____ of the gallbladder with the common hepatic duct to form the _____.
A) fundus; common hepatic duct (CHD)
B) fundus; common bile duct (CBD)
C) neck; CBD
D) body; CHD
neck, CBD
The head of the pancreas lies in the:
A) lap of the liver
B) lap of the gallbladder, common bile duct (CBD)
C) lap of the duodenum
D) lap of the lesser omentum
lap of the duodenum
The head of the pancreas is inferior to the:
A) right lobe of liver
B) caudate lobe of liver
C) right lateral fissure of liver
D) left lateral fissure of liver
caudate lobe of liver
The _____ is the anterolateral border of the pancreas.
A) common bile duct
B) gastroduodenal artery
C) hepatic duct
D) superior mesenteric vein
gastroduodenal artery
The tail of the pancreas is found:
A) posterior to the left kidney, near the splenic hilum
B) anterior to the left kidney, near the splenic hilum
C) posterior to the right kidney, near the liver hilum
D) anterior to the right kidney, near the liver hilum
anterior to the left kidney, near the splenic hilum
The primary pancreatic duct is the:
A) duct of Santorini
B) duct of Ampulla
C) duct of Vater
D) duct of Wirsung
duct of Wirsung
The duct of Santorini is a/an:
A) small accessory duct to the gallbladder
B) accessory duct to the cystic duct
C) accessory duct to the pancreas
D) small opening in the duodenum
accessory duct to the pancreas
The normal size of the pancreatic duct is less than:
A) 1 mm
B) 2 mm
C) 5 mm
D) 6 mm
2 mm
The splenic artery is considered to be the:
A) superior border of the pancreas
B) lateral border of the pancreas
C) anterior border of the pancreas
D) inferior posterior border of the pancreas
superior border of the pancreas
The pancreas is reflective in its sonographic appearance because of :
A) islets of Langerhans
B) Cooper's ligaments
C) small glands or acini
D) fat between the lobules
fat between the lobules
Which of the following is not a probe position for a Gallbladder Fast Exam
A) High/Lateral view
B) low/lateral view
C) subcostal view
low/lateral view
The right and left hepatic ducts emerge from the right lobe of the liver in the porta hepatis and unite to form the:
A) common hepatic duct
B) cystic duct
C) common bile duct
D) common pancreatic duct
common hepatic duct
The hepatic duct is joined by the _____ to form the _____.
A) pancreatic duct; cystic duct
B) cystic duct; common bile duct
C) common bile duct; cystic duct
D) right hepatic duct; common bile duct
cystic duct; common bile duct
The distal duct lies _____ with the anterior wall of the inferior vena cava (IVC).
A) parallel
B) perpendicular
C) lateral
D) horizontal
parallel
The cystic duct connects the _____ of the gallbladder with the common hepatic duct to form the _____.
A) fundus; common hepatic duct (CHD)
B) fundus; common bile duct (CBD)
C) neck; CBD
D) body; CHD
neck; CBD
The function of the gallbladder is:
A) storage for extra cholesterol
B) storage for enzymes
C) reservoir for bile
D) reservoir for biliary salts
reservoir for bile
The bright linear echo within the liver connecting the gallbladder and the right or main portal vein is the:
A) right lobar fissure
B) main lobar fissure
C) ligamentum teres
D) left lobar fissure
main lobar fissure
The _____ branch of the hepatic artery can be seen between the common duct and the portal vein as a small circular structure.
A) left
B) middle
C) right
D) lateral
right
The common bile duct is joined by the main pancreatic duct. Together they open through the _____ into the duodenal wall.
A) ampulla of Oddi
B) ampulla of Water
C) ampulla of Vater
D) ampulla of Vauter
ampulla of Vater
The Mickey mouse sign contains which of the following structures...
A) Hepatic vein,common bile duct and the portal vein
B) Hepatic artery, cystic duct and the portal vein
C) Hepatic artery, common bile duct and the portal vein
D) Main portal vein, hepatic artery and the portal vein
Hepatic artery, common bile duct and the portal vein
Low level, nonshadowing echoes in the dependent portion of the gallbladder can be described as
A) artifacts
B) very small gallstones
C) biliary sludge
D) polyps
biliary sludge
The gallbladder is located on the
A) anterior and superior portion of the right lobe
B) posterior and inferior portion of the right lobe of the liver
C) posterior medial portion of the right lobe of the liver
D) posterior and inferior portion of the left lobe of the liver
posterior and inferior portion of the right lobe of the liver
The left and right hepatic ducts join at approximately the level of
A) the gallbladder neck
B) common bile duct
C) porta hepatis
D) the cystic duct
porta hepatis
The cystic duct connects the gallbladder to the
A) common hepatic duct
B) porta hepatis
C) common bile duct
D) liver
common hepatic duct
The common bile duct extends from the point where the cystic duct joins the
A) pancreatic duct
B) duodenum
C) ampulla of vater
D) common hepatic duct
common hepatic duct
The overall length of the gallbladder is
A) 3.5mm
B) 5 cm
C) highly variable
D) 3cm
highly variable
Bile enters the intestinal tract at the
A) distal CBD
B) ampulla of vater
C) cystic duct
D) sphincter of Oddi
ampulla of vater
The ______________ supplies blood to the gallbladder and liver
A) cystic artery
B) aorta
C) proper hepatic artery
D) common bile duct
proper hepatic artery
The intrahepatic ducts run alongside of the
A) hepatic veins and the hepatic arteries
B) hepatic veins and cystic duct
C) hepatic veins and the celiac trunk
D) portal vein and hepatic arteries
portal vein and hepatic arteries
The three landmarks that may be helpful in locating the gallbladder on a longitudinal image are
A) portal vein, ligamentum venosum and the right kidney
B) portal vein, main lobar fissure and the right kidney
C) hepatic artery, main lobar fissure and the right kidney
D) common bile duct, ligamentum venosum and the right kidney
portal vein, main lobar fissure and the right kidney