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50 terms

Unit 1 Test Review

STUDY
PLAY
Entire - smooth margin
Simple leaf
Compound leaf
Whorled leaves
Opposite leaves
Alternate leaves
Pinnate compound
Palmate compound
Serrate
Double serrate
Lobed leaf with sinus
V shaped sinus Red maple
U shaped sinus Sugar Maple
V shaped sinus Silver Maple
lanceolate
lance-shaped, longer than broad, wider at the base, tapering toward the apex
elliptical
football shaped, pointed on ends biggest in middle
cordate
heart-shaped
Deltoid
triangle shaped
obovate
Teardrop-shaped, stem attaches to tapering point
leaf blade
especially a leaf of grass or the broad portion of a leaf as distinct from the petiole
leaf
Includes the blade and the petiole
petiole
the slender stem that supports the blade of a leaf
rachis
Holds leaflets
leaflet
pinnate veination
A vein system in a leaf that runs parallel to itself
palmate veination
Vein system in a leaf that does not run parallel to itself
asymmetrical base
A leaf with an uneven base (where the leaf meets the stem).
stipule
the small, paired appendages that are found at the base of the petiole of leaves of flowering plants
midrib
the vein in the center of a leaf
anther
the part of the stamen that contains pollen
filament
the stalk of a stamen
stigma
the apical end of the style where deposited pollen enters the pistil
style
The tube that transport the pollen to the ovary.
ovary
a structure containing egg cells; the base of a pistil in a flower
ovules
Structure that develops within ovary of seed plant and contains female gametophyte.
sepal
a leaflike structure that encloses the bud of a flower
raceme
unbranched inflorescence of pediceled flowers that open from bottom to top
umbel
flat-topped or rounded inflorescence characteristic of the family Umbelliferae in which the individual flower stalks arise from about the same point
spike
(botany) an indeterminate inflorescence bearing sessile flowers on an unbranched axis
samara
a winged often one-seed indehiscent fruit as of the ash or elm or maple
legume
the seedpod of a leguminous plant (such as peas or beans or lentils)
terminal bud
bud at tip of a stem responsible for terminal growth
lenticels
Spongy segments in bark that allow gas exchange between cells in a woody stem and the atmosphere. Adaptation for plants living in wet conditions.
lateral bud
Buds along the sides of a stem that givie rise to new branches.
leaf scar
a scar on a stem where a leaf has been attached in a previous year
vascular bundle scar
spot within a leaf scar left by the vascular bundle (xylem and phloem)
pubescent
covered with fine soft hairs or down
node
point on a stem where a leaf is attached
internode
a segment of a stem between two nodes
growth rings
layer of wood a tree adds during a growth season, usually a year