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12 terms

Science - Minerals

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Mineral
a naturally occurring, inorganic, solid with a definite chemical composition and an orderly arrangement of atoms
Halite
Salt formed by the natural evaporation of water
crystalline
describes atoms arranged in a pattern over and over
crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly repeating pattern
Magma
melted rock that forms crystals
water
the part of a solution that evaporates, leaving a mineral
evaporation
the process, in a dry climate, where the solution leaves the mineral
eight
the amount of common in the earth's crust
silicates
the group of rocks forming minerals that contain silicon and oxygen
Silicon and Oxygen
the two most abundant elements in the earth's crust
What are the four characteristics of a mineral?
Minerals are natural, inorganic, an element or compound, and a crystalline solid
What are the eight most common elements in the earth's crust in order?
Oxygen (O), Silicon (Si), Aluminum (Al), Iron (Fe), Calcium (Ca), Sodium (Na), Potassium (K), Magnesium (Mg)